Plymouth Colony

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Plymouth Colony
British colony
1620–1691

Seal of Plymouth Colony

Map of Plymouth Colony showing town locations
Capital Plymouth
Language(s) English
Religion Puritan, Separatist
Government Monarchy
Legislature Plymouth General Court
History
 - Established 1620
 - First Thanksgiving
 - Pequot War
 - King Philip's War 1675–1676
 - Part of the Dominion of New England 1686–1688
 - Disestablished 1691

Plymouth Colony was an English colony in North America. It existed from 1620 to 1691. At its height, Plymouth Colony occupied most of the southeastern part of the modern state of Massachusetts.

The first settlement of the Plymouth Colony was at New Plimoth. This settlement served as the capital of the colony. It is today the modern town of Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Separatists and Anglicans (together, the "Pilgrims") founded the colony. With Jamestown and other settlements in Virginia, it was one of the earliest successful English colonies in North America. It was the first sizable permanent English settlement in the New England region.

The colony made a treaty with Chief Massasoit. This helped to make the colony a success. The colonists played a role in King Philip's War. The colony merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony and other territories in 1691. Together they formed the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

Plymouth holds a special role in American history. Many of the Plymouth colonists left England for a place to worship in their own way. The social and legal systems of the colony became tied to their religious beliefs, as well as English custom. Many of the people and events surrounding Plymouth Colony have become part of American folklore. These include Thanksgiving and Plymouth Rock.

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