Polish Underground State

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polish Underground State
Polskie Państwo Podziemne
Emblem of Polskie Państwo Podziemne
Motto: "Honor i Ojczyzna"
("Honor and Homeland")
Anthem: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
(English: "Poland Is Not Yet Lost")
StatusGovernment in exile
Common languagesPolish
President of the Polish government-in-exile 
• 1939–1945
Władysław Raczkiewicz
Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile 
• 1939–1940 (first)
Władysław Sikorski
• 1944-1945 (last)
Tomasz Arciszewski
Historical eraWorld War II
23 April 1935
1 September 1939
28 June 1945[1][2]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Second Polish Republic
Provisional Government of National Unity

The Polish Underground State (Polish: Polskie Państwo Podziemne, also known as the Polish Secret State)[a] was a single political and military entity formed by the union of resistance organizations in occupied Poland. They were loyal to the Polish government-in-exile in London.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Jan Karski (2001). Story of a Secret State. Simon Publications. ISBN 978-1-931541-39-8.
  • Halik Kochanski (2012). The Eagle Unbowed: Poland and the Poles in the Second World War. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-06816-2.
  • Stefan Korboński; Francis Bauer Czarnomski; Zofia Korbonski (2004). Fighting Warsaw: The Story of the Polish Underground State, 1939–1945. Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-7818-1035-7.
  • Richard C. Lukas (2012). The Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles Under German Occupation, 1939-1945. Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-7818-1302-0.
  • Richard C. Lukas (2004). Forgotten Survivors: Polish Christians Remember the Nazi Occupation. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7818-0242-0.
  • Jan Nowak (1982). Courier from Warsaw. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-1725-9.
  • Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski (2011). The Secret Army: The Memoirs of General Bór-Komorowski. Pen & Sword Books Limited. ISBN 978-1-84832-595-1.

References[change | change source]

  1. Grzegorz Ostasz, The Polish Government-in-Exile's Home Delegature Archived 2008-04-10 at the Wayback Machine. Article on the pages of the London Branch of the Polish Home Army Ex-Servicemen Association. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  2. Józef Garliński (April 1975). "The Polish Underground State 1939–1945". Journal of Contemporary History. 10 (2): 219–259. doi:10.1177/002200947501000202. JSTOR 260146. S2CID 159844616., p.253

Other websites[change | change source]