The Pontian Greek Genocide (Greek: Genoktonia ton Ellinon tou Póntou) was a genocide by the Young Turks in the Ottoman Empire during World War I. It is estimated that at least 1,100,000 Pontic Greeks were killed during the raids and the massacres.
Many Pontian Greeks were considered unpure by the Turks and were massacred for not giving up their Christianity and becoming Muslims. The Pontian Greeks lost their homes and possessions to the sultan, Adulhamed the Red. Even before the genocide, they had been persecuted and forced to pay high taxes.
Since ancient times and the conquest of the Trebizond Empire, the Pontian Greeks have not have had their own nation. Their diaspora has spread to many different countries. Under the rule of Kurds and Ottomans, the Pontian Greeks were oppressed and assimilated to society, and many lost their independence. Those who have survived keep their common unity, especially in their deep Christian faith.
References[change | change source]
- The Plight of Religious Minorities: Can Religious Pluralism Survive?', p. 51, US Congress.
- The Armenian Genocide: Wartime Radicalization or Premeditated Continuum, p. 272, edited by Richard Hovannisian
- Not Even My Name: A True Story, p. 131, by Thea Halo
- The Political Dictionary of Modern Middle East, by Agnes G. Korbani
- Samuel Totten, Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs, Dictionary of Genocide Greenwood Press, 2007, ISBN 0-313-32967-2, p. 26
- Ye'or, Bat; Miriam Kochan, David Littman (2002). Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilizations Collide. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0838639437. OCLC 47054791.
- Schaller, Dominik J. and Zimmerer, Jürgen (2008) "Late Ottoman genocides: the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire and Young Turkish population and extermination policies - introduction," Journal of Genocide Research, 10:1, 7 - 14