Pope Gregory VII
|Papacy began||April 22, 1073|
|Papacy ended||May 25, 1085|
|Predecessor||Pope Alexander II|
|Successor||Pope Victor III|
|Birth name||Ildebrando di Soana|
|Died||May 25, 1085|
|Other popes named Gregory|
Pope Gregory VII (Latin: Gregorius Septimus; 1020–May 25, 1085), born Hildebrand (Italian: Ildebrando di Soana), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 158th Pope from April 22, 1073 until he died in 1085.
Early life[change | change source]
Hildebrand was born in Sovana in Tuscany. As a youth, he became a Benedictine monk.
In Rome, Hildebrand became the chaplain of Pope Gregory VI. When Gregory VI abdicated and went into in exile in Germany, Hildebrand went with him.
Cardinal[change | change source]
Pope Leo IX raised Hildebrand to the rank of Cardinal in 1049.
Pope[change | change source]
Cardinal Hildebrand was elected pope on April 22, 1073; and he chose to be called Gregory.
Pope Gregory was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
After his death[change | change source]
Pope Gregory died an exile in Salerno. His last words were: "I have loved justice and hated iniquity; therefore, I [now] die in exile." ("Dilexi iustitiam et odivi iniquitatem propterea morior in exilio")..
Gregory was recognized as a saint in 1728..
Gallery[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-1.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Pope St. Gregory VII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-1.
- ↑ Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Gregory VII," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 11, pp. 444-446.
- ↑ Douglas, J. James Dixon. (1992). "Gregory VII," Who's Who in Christianity, p. 288.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Gregorius VII at Wikimedia Commons
- Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. .
- "Gregory VII", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
- Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Ildebrando