Pope Innocent III

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Innocent III
Papacy began 8 January 1198
Papacy ended 16 July 1216
Predecessor Celestine III
Successor Honorius III
Personal details
Birth name Lotario de' Conti di Segni
Born 1160 or 1161
Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Died 16 July 1216 (aged 54–55)
Perugia, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire

Other Popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent III (Latin: Innocentius Tertius; 1160 or 1161 – 16 July 1216) was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 177th Pope from 1198 until his death in 1216.[1]

Early life[change | edit source]

Lotario di Conti was born at Anagni[2] in central Italy. His father was Count Trasimund of Segni[3] who was a member of the Conti family.

During the short reigns of Pope Lucius III, Pope Urban III, Pope Gregory VIII, and Pope Clement III, he served in the church bureaucracy.[3]

Cardinal[change | edit source]

In 1190, Clement III raised him to the rank of Cardinal.[3]

Pope[change | edit source]

Cardinal Segni was unanimously elected pope on January 8, 1198; and he took the name of Innocent III.[4]

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[3]

Pope Innocent promoted the theory that the spiritual power of the church was greater than than any king or emperor.[5] Innocent was the first pope to form a Papal state.[6]

Crusades[change | edit source]

Innocent III was responsible for starting the Fourth Crusade, the Albigensian Crusade, and the Fifth Crusade.[7]

Lateran Council[change | edit source]

In 1215, Innocent brought together the church's bishops and cardinals in a meeting called the Fourth Lateran Council.[3]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

The Coat of Arms of Innocent III
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. "Agnani", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-6.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Pope Innocent III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-31.
  4. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Innocent III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 12, pp. 479-480.
  5. "Innocent III", Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), Vol. 14, pp. 578-579.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Papal State," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 18, p. 198.
  7. Pope Innocent III", Crusades Encyclopedia (2005); retrieved 2011-11-6.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Innocentius III at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Pope Celestine III
Pope
1198–1216
Succeeded by
Pope Honorius III