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(Kréyòl): Pòtoprens
Port-au-Prince from space
Port-au-Prince from space
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Coordinates: Coordinates: 18°32′21″N 72°20′06″W / 18.53917°N 72.33500°W / 18.53917; -72.33500
Country Haiti
Département Ouest
Arrondisement Port-au-Prince
Founded 1749
Colonial seat 1770
Elevation 98 m (322 ft)
Population (2007)
 • City 1,082,800
 • Metro 1,728,100
 • Demonym Port-au-Princien
(female, Port-au-Princienne)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)

Port-au-Prince (Pòtoprens in Kréyòl) is the capital city of Haiti. Haiti is also divided into ten Départements; Port-au-Prince is the capital of the Ouest Département.[1]

Port-au-Prince is Haiti's largest city. According to the country's 2015 census, over 2.6 million people lived there.[1]

History[change | change source]

Port-au-Prince was built in 1749. At that time, Haiti was a French colony called Saint-Domingue. Before 1770, Cap-Français (now Cap-Haïtien) was the capital of Saint-Domingue. In 1770, Port-au-Prince replaced Cap-Français as the capital of Saint-Domingue.[2]

In 1804, the people of Haiti won the Haitian Revolution, and Haiti became an independent country.[3] Port-au-Prince became the capital of this new country. During the French and Haitian Revolutions, it was called Port-Républicain, before Jean-Jacques Dessalines renamed it Port-au-Prince.[4]

Shortly after it won its independence, Haiti's new leaders divided the country between a kingdom in the north and a republic in the south. Port-au-Prince remained the capital of the republic.[5]

Port-au-Prince today[change | change source]

Port-au-Prince is the cultural centre of Haiti. The State University of Haiti (L'Université d'État d'Haïti, or UEH, in French);[6] the Université Quisqueya;[7] and the Université Caraïbe[8] are all located in the city.

Port-au-Prince is the nation's largest centre of economy and finance. It has the most important port in the country, where coffee and sugar are exported. Port-au-Prince has soap, textile, and cement factories, and others to process foods.

There is also an international airport about 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) north of the city. It is named Aéroport International Toussaint L'ouverture after national hero Toussaint L'ouverture.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d’Informatique (March 2015). Population Totale, de 18 Ans et Plus: Ménages et Densités Estimés en 2015 (Report) (in French). , Ministère de l’Économie et des Finances (MEF), République d’Haïti. pp. 16, 23. 
  2. Geggus, David (1991). "The Major Port Towns of Saint Domingue in the Later Eighteenth Century". In Franklin W. Knight; & Peggy K. Liss (eds.). Atlantic Port Cities: Economy, Culture, and Society in the Atlantic World, 1650–1850. University of Tennessee Press. pp. 87–116. ISBN 978-0870496578. 
  3. Taber, Robert D. (2015). "Navigating Haiti’s History: Saint-Domingue and the Haitian Revolution". History Compass 13 (5): 235–50. doi:10.1111/hic3.12233. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/hic3.12233/abstract. 
  4. "Haiti: Miscellaneous Collections" (PDF). Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. The New York Public Library. p. 5. Retrieved May 29, 2016. 
  5. "The Haitian Revolution". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016. 
  6. "Bienvenue". L'Université d'État d'Haïti (in French). Retrieved May 29, 2016. 
  7. "Bienvenue à l'Université Quisqueya". Université Quisqueya. Retrieved May 29, 2016. 
  8. "Acceuil". Université Caraïbe. Retrieved May 29, 2016. 
  9. "Toussaint Louverture Intl". World Aero Data. Digital Aeronautical Flight Information File. 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2016. 

Department capitals of Haiti Flag of Haiti
Cap-HaïtienFort-LibertéGonaïvesHincheJacmelJérémieLes CayesMiragoânePort-au-PrincePort-de-Paix