Pothohari dialect

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Pothohari
Potwari, Potowari
پوٹھوہاری
Native toPakistan, India
RegionPothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)
Native speakers
2.5 million including Dhundi-Kairali, Chibhali, & Punchhi, but perhaps not 1.04 million Mirpuri (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3phr (includes other dialects)
Glottologpaha1251  Pahari Potwari[3]
mirp1238  Mirpur Panjabi[4]
Dialects Of Punjabi.jpg
Punjabi–Lahnda dialects. Pothohari is center-north.

Pothohari (or Potwari or Pahari-Potwari) is a dialect of Punjabi spoken in the Potwar district in northern Punjab.

Punjabi and Urdu/Hindi are spoken in a region that has had ethnic and identity conflict, so have been exposed to the dialect versus language question.[5]

Pothohari was historically classified as dialect of Punjabi. Recently it was claimed as a language instead of being a dialect of Punjabi. However these claims are controversial.[6]:838 [7]:46

References[change | change source]

  1. Pothohari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. "Western Panjabi". Ethnologue. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pahari Potwari". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mirpur Panjabi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. Bailey, Rev. T. Grahame. 1904. Panjabi Grammar. Lahore: Punjab Government Press.
  6. Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
  7. Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)