President of Afghanistan

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President of the
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت جمهور رئیس
رئيس جمهور جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
Formation17 July 1973 (Republic)
7 December 2004 (Islamic Republic)
DeputyVice President of Afghanistan
Salary960,000 AFN per month[1]
Websitehttps://president.gov.af/en

The President of Afghanistan is the head of state of Afghanistan. Afghanistan has only been a republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onwards. Before 1973, it was a monarchy that was governed by a variety of kings, emirs or shahs. There was a civil war from 1992 to 2001.

After the 2021 Taliban offensive and the near seizure of the capital, incumbent President Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan to Tajikistan on 15 August 2021.[2][3] After Ghani fled the country, the Taliban occupied the Presidential Palace.

Powers[change | change source]

The constitution of Afghanistan gives the president wide powers over military and legislative affairs. There is a weak national parliament.

List[change | change source]

Name Portrait Lifespan Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Afghanistan (1973–1978)
Mohammed Daoud Khan Mohammed Daoud Khan (cropped).jpg 1909–1978 17 July 1973 28 April 1978 4 years, 285 days Independent
(until 1976)
National Revolutionary Party
President; Member of the Barakzai dynasty (first cousin of Mohammed Zahir Shah); Assassinated with most of his family during the Saur Revolution.[4] Shortly afterwards, the new military leaders announced that Khan was killed for refusing to surrender.[5][6]
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1978–1992)
Colonel
Abdul Qadir
No image.svg 1944–2014 28 April 1978 30 April 1978 2 days People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Military Revolutionary Council
Nur Muhammad Taraki Nur Muhammad Taraki.png 1917–1979 30 April 1978 14 September 1979 1 year, 137 days People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Assassinated by orders of Hafizullah Amin
Hafizullah Amin Hafizullah Amin.jpg 1929–1979 14 September 1979 27 December 1979 104 days People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Assassinated by Soviet special forces during the Operation Storm-333[7]
Babrak Karmal No image.svg 1929–1996 27 December 1979 24 November 1986 6 years, 332 days People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Dismissed
Haji Mohammad Chamkani No image.svg 1947–2012 24 November 1986 30 September 1987 310 days Independent
Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Appointed as part of the National Reconciliation process
Mohammad Najibullah Mohammad Najibullah 1986.jpg 1947–1996 30 September 1987 16 April 1992 4 years, 199 days People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
(until 1990)
Homeland Party
President (Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council until 30 November 1987); Resigned
Abdul Rahim Hatif No image.svg 1926–2013 16 April 1992 28 April 1992 12 days Homeland Party
Acting President; Deposed
Islamic State of Afghanistan (1992–2002)
Sibghatullah Mojaddedi Mojaddedi in September 2014.jpg 1926–2019 28 April 1992 28 June 1992 61 days National Liberation Front of Afghanistan
Acting President; Resigned
Burhanuddin Rabbani Burhanuddin Rabbani Cropped DVIDS.jpg 1940–2011 28 June 1992 22 December 2001 9 years, 167 days Jamiat-e Islami
President; Between 1996 and 2001, the Islamic State remained the internationally recognized government, despite only controlling about 10% of Afghan territory
Hamid Karzai Hamid Karzai listens to Barack Obama in Kabul 2012 (cropped).jpg born 1957 22 December 2001 13 July 2002 203 days Independent
Acting President
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001)
Mullah
Mohammed Omar
1960–2013 27 September 1996 13 November 2001 5 years, 47 days Taliban
Emir and Commander of the Faithful; The Islamic Emirate never attained widespread international recognition, despite controlling about 90% of Afghan territory; Deposed
Mullah
Mohammad Rabbani
No image.svg 1955–2001 27 September 1996 13 April 2001 4 years, 198 days Taliban
Head of the Supreme Council; Deputy leader of the Taliban; Died in office
Maulavi
Abdul Kabir
No image.svg born 1958 16 April 2001 13 November 2001 211 days Taliban
Acting Head of the Supreme Council; Deposed
Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan (2002–2004)
Hamid Karzai Hamid Karzai listens to Barack Obama in Kabul 2012 (cropped).jpg born 1957 13 July 2002 7 December 2004 2 years, 147 days Independent
Transitional President; Appointed at the 2002 loya jirga
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–present)
Hamid Karzai Hamid Karzai listens to Barack Obama in Kabul 2012 (cropped).jpg born 1957 7 December 2004 29 September 2014 9 years, 296 days Independent
President; First democratically elected head of state; Elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2009
Ashraf Ghani Aschraf Ghani MSC 2017 2 (cropped modified).jpg born 1949 29 September 2014 15 August 2021 6 years, 320 days Independent
President; First peaceful transition of power; Elected in 2014 and re-elected in 2019; He escaped from Afghanistan, during the Fall of Kabul[8]
Amrullah Saleh Amrullah Saleh (4).jpg born 1972 17 August 2021 Incumbent 72 days Independent
First Vice President; Claimed the position of caretaker president based on Article 67 of the 2004 Constitution[9]
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (2021–present)
Mawlawi
Hibatullah Akhundzada
born 1961 15 August 2021 Incumbent 74 days Taliban
Emir and Commander of the Faithful; The Islamic Emirate is currently not internationally recognized, despite controlling majority of Afghan territory

References[change | change source]

  1. "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount". Wadsam. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  2. Mishal Husain, Paul Adams, Malik Mudassir, Ben Wright, Jon Sopel (15 August 2021). Taliban seize power in Afghanistan as President flees country (Television production). London: BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2021 – via YouTube.
  3. "President Ashraf Ghani leaves Afghanistan: Live". Al Jazeera. August 15, 2021. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
  4. "There was, therefore, little to hinder the assault mounted by the rebel 4th Armored Brigade, led by Major Mohammad Aslam Watanjar, who had also been prominent in Daoud's own coup five years before. Watanjar first secured the airport, where the other coup leader, Colonel Abdul Qadir, left by helicopter for the Bagram air base. There he took charge and organized air strikes on the presidential palace, where Daoud and the presidential guard were conducting a desperate defense. Fighting continued the whole day and into the night, when the defenders were finally overwhelmed. Daoud and almost all of his family members, including women and children, died in the fighting. Altogether there were possibly as many as two thousand fatalities, both military and civilian." p. 88 of Ewans, Martin (2002) Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics HarperCollins, New York, Page 88 ISBN 0-06-050507-9
  5. "1978: Afghan coup rebels claim victory". April 29, 1978 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  6. Cite error: The named reference NYT2 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  7. "How Soviet troops stormed Kabul palace". BBC. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  8. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/16/world/asia/afghanistan-president-ashraf-ghani.html. Retrieved 31 August 2021
  9. Landay, Jonathan; Macfie, Nick; Boyle, John (17 August 2021). "Afghan vice president says he is "caretaker" president". Reuters. Retrieved 17 August 2021.

Other websites[change | change source]