President of Afghanistan
|President of the|
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان د اسلامي جمهوریت جمهور رئیس
رئيس جمهور جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
|Style||The Honourable (Formal) |
His Excellency (Diplomatic)
|Term length||Five years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Mohammed Daoud Khan (Republic)|
Hamid Karzai (Islamic Republic)
|Formation||17 July 1973 (Republic)|
7 December 2004 (Islamic Republic)
|Deputy||Vice President of Afghanistan|
|Salary||960,000 AFN per month|
The President of Afghanistan is the head of state of Afghanistan. Afghanistan has only been a republic between 1973 and 1992 and from 2001 onwards. Before 1973, it was a monarchy that was governed by a variety of kings, emirs or shahs. There was a civil war from 1992 to 2001.
After the 2021 Taliban offensive and the near seizure of the capital, incumbent President Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan to Tajikistan on 15 August 2021. After Ghani fled the country, the Taliban occupied the Presidential Palace.
Powers[change | change source]
List[change | change source]
|Name||Portrait||Lifespan||Term of office||Political party|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|Republic of Afghanistan (1973–1978)|
|Mohammed Daoud Khan||1909–1978||17 July 1973||28 April 1978||4 years, 285 days||Independent|
|National Revolutionary Party|
|President; Member of the Barakzai dynasty (first cousin of Mohammed Zahir Shah); Assassinated with most of his family during the Saur Revolution. Shortly afterwards, the new military leaders announced that Khan was killed for refusing to surrender.|
|Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1978–1992)|
|1944–2014||28 April 1978||30 April 1978||2 days||People's Democratic Party|
|Chairman of the Presidium of the Military Revolutionary Council|
|Nur Muhammad Taraki||1917–1979||30 April 1978||14 September 1979||1 year, 137 days||People's Democratic Party|
|Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Assassinated by orders of Hafizullah Amin|
|Hafizullah Amin||1929–1979||14 September 1979||27 December 1979||104 days||People's Democratic Party|
|Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Assassinated by Soviet special forces during the Operation Storm-333|
|Babrak Karmal||1929–1996||27 December 1979||24 November 1986||6 years, 332 days||People's Democratic Party|
|Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Dismissed|
|Haji Mohammad Chamkani||1947–2012||24 November 1986||30 September 1987||310 days||Independent|
|Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council; Appointed as part of the National Reconciliation process|
|Mohammad Najibullah||1947–1996||30 September 1987||16 April 1992||4 years, 199 days||People's Democratic Party|
|President (Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council until 30 November 1987); Resigned|
|Abdul Rahim Hatif||1926–2013||16 April 1992||28 April 1992||12 days||Homeland Party|
|Acting President; Deposed|
|Islamic State of Afghanistan (1992–2002)|
|Sibghatullah Mojaddedi||1926–2019||28 April 1992||28 June 1992||61 days||National Liberation Front of Afghanistan|
|Acting President; Resigned|
|Burhanuddin Rabbani||1940–2011||28 June 1992||22 December 2001||9 years, 167 days||Jamiat-e Islami|
|President; Between 1996 and 2001, the Islamic State remained the internationally recognized government, despite only controlling about 10% of Afghan territory|
|Hamid Karzai||born 1957||22 December 2001||13 July 2002||203 days||Independent|
|Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001)|
|1960–2013||27 September 1996||13 November 2001||5 years, 47 days||Taliban|
|Emir and Commander of the Faithful; The Islamic Emirate never attained widespread international recognition, despite controlling about 90% of Afghan territory; Deposed|
|1955–2001||27 September 1996||13 April 2001||4 years, 198 days||Taliban|
|Head of the Supreme Council; Deputy leader of the Taliban; Died in office|
|born 1958||16 April 2001||13 November 2001||211 days||Taliban|
|Acting Head of the Supreme Council; Deposed|
|Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan (2002–2004)|
|Hamid Karzai||born 1957||13 July 2002||7 December 2004||2 years, 147 days||Independent|
|Transitional President; Appointed at the 2002 loya jirga|
|Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2004–present)|
|Hamid Karzai||born 1957||7 December 2004||29 September 2014||9 years, 296 days||Independent|
|President; First democratically elected head of state; Elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2009|
|Ashraf Ghani||born 1949||29 September 2014||15 August 2021||6 years, 320 days||Independent|
|President; First peaceful transition of power; Elected in 2014 and re-elected in 2019; He escaped from Afghanistan, during the Fall of Kabul|
|Amrullah Saleh||born 1972||17 August 2021||Incumbent||72 days||Independent|
|First Vice President; Claimed the position of caretaker president based on Article 67 of the 2004 Constitution|
|Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (2021–present)|
|born 1961||15 August 2021||Incumbent||74 days||Taliban|
|Emir and Commander of the Faithful; The Islamic Emirate is currently not internationally recognized, despite controlling majority of Afghan territory|
References[change | change source]
- "Afghanistan's lower house approves President Karzai's salary and expenses amount". Wadsam. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
- Mishal Husain, Paul Adams, Malik Mudassir, Ben Wright, Jon Sopel (15 August 2021). Taliban seize power in Afghanistan as President flees country (Television production). London: BBC News. Retrieved 15 August 2021 – via YouTube.
- "President Ashraf Ghani leaves Afghanistan: Live". Al Jazeera. August 15, 2021. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
- "There was, therefore, little to hinder the assault mounted by the rebel 4th Armored Brigade, led by Major Mohammad Aslam Watanjar, who had also been prominent in Daoud's own coup five years before. Watanjar first secured the airport, where the other coup leader, Colonel Abdul Qadir, left by helicopter for the Bagram air base. There he took charge and organized air strikes on the presidential palace, where Daoud and the presidential guard were conducting a desperate defense. Fighting continued the whole day and into the night, when the defenders were finally overwhelmed. Daoud and almost all of his family members, including women and children, died in the fighting. Altogether there were possibly as many as two thousand fatalities, both military and civilian." p. 88 of Ewans, Martin (2002) Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics HarperCollins, New York, Page 88 ISBN 0-06-050507-9
- "1978: Afghan coup rebels claim victory". April 29, 1978 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- Cite error: The named reference
NYT2was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
- "How Soviet troops stormed Kabul palace". BBC. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
- https://www.nytimes.com/2021/08/16/world/asia/afghanistan-president-ashraf-ghani.html. Retrieved 31 August 2021
- Landay, Jonathan; Macfie, Nick; Boyle, John (17 August 2021). "Afghan vice president says he is "caretaker" president". Reuters. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Presidency of Afghanistan - The official website of the Office of the President of Afghanistan.