President of Croatia

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President of
the Republic of Croatia
Predsjednik Republike Hrvatske
Flag of the President of Croatia.svg
Z milanovic.jpg
Incumbent
Zoran Milanović

since 19 February 2020
StyleMister/Madam President (Gospodin/Gospođa predsjednik/predsjednica)
His/Her Excellency (Njegova/Njezina Ekselencija)
ResidencePrivate residence
Predsjednički dvori (official workplace and office)
AppointerPopular vote
Term lengthFive years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Croatia
Inaugural holderFranjo Tuđman
Formation22 December 1990; 29 years ago (1990-12-22)
SalaryHRK 37.000 ($5,452) monthly
HRK 445.000 ($65,430) annually[1]
Websitepredsjednica.hr

The President of Croatia (Croatian: Predsjednik Hrvatske), officially styled the President of the Republic (Croatian: Predsjednik Republike), is the head of state, commander in-chief of the military and chief representative of the Republic of Croatia both within the country and abroad.

The President is the holder of the highest office within the Croatia's government however, the president is not the head of the executive branch ("non executive president") as Croatia has a parliamentary system in which the holder of the post of Prime Minister is the most powerful person within the country's constitutional framework and within everyday's politics.

List of Presidents[change | change source]

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Election Party
No. Term start Term end
1 Franjo Tuđman
Signature of Franjo Tuđman.png
Franjo Tuđman
(1922–1999)
22 December 1990** 12 August 1992 Croatian Democratic Union
1 12 August 1992 11 August 1997 1992 (56.73%)
2 12 August 1997 10 December 1999 1997 (61.41%)
Parliament elected him the President of the Presidency of SR Croatia in May 1990, but with the adoption of a new constitution on 22 December 1990, the title of the office was changed to President of the Republic of Croatia and the Presidium of Croatia (Presidency) was completely abolished. The referendum on independence was held in May 1991, with 93% of voters supporting independence. It was followed by a formal declaration of independence on 25 June 1991, the same date as neighboring Slovenia. Croatia and Slovenia gained recognition by the European Union on 15 January 1992 and joined the United Nations in May 1992. Tuđman won re-election to a de facto second and third term in 1992 and 1997, winning election outright both times without the need for a run-off. He is the only president to have been elected in the first round of elections. He died in office in December 1999.
A Vlatko Pavletić
(1930–2007)
10 December 1999 2 February 2000 Acting President Croatian Democratic Union
Tuđman was incapacitated since 26 November 1999 and died on 10 December 1999. Pavletić became acting president as Speaker of the Croatian Parliament. He was succeeded by Zlatko Tomčić when the 4th Assembly of Parliament was replaced by the 5th Assembly after the 2000 election.
A Zlatko Tomčić Zlatko Tomčić
(1945–)
2 February 2000 18 February 2000 Acting President Croatian Peasant Party
Became acting president as Speaker of Parliament when the 4th Assembly of Parliament (1995-2000) was replaced by the 5th Assembly (2000–2003). Served until Stjepan Mesić was sworn in as the new President on 18 February 2000.
2 Stjepan Mesić
Signature of Stjepan Mesić.png
Stjepan Mesić
(1934–)
3 19 February 2000 18 February 2005 2000 (56.01%) Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats* (formally independent)
4 19 February 2005 18 February 2010 2005 (65.93%)
He defeated Dražen Budiša in the 2000 presidential elections. He was the first president with reduced powers, as the semi-presidential system was replaced by an incomplete parliamentary system in November 2000. Mesić was re-elected in 2005, defeating Jadranka Kosor in a landslide.
3 Ivo Josipović
Accession Treaty 2011 Ivo Josipović signature.svg
Ivo Josipović
(1957–)
5 19 February 2010 18 February 2015 2009–10 (60.26%) Social Democratic Party* (formally independent)
He defeated Milan Bandić by a wide margin in the 2010 election. He was narrowly defeated by Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović in his re-election bid in 2015.
4 Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Kolindacestitka (presidential siganute).jpg
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
(1968–)
6 19 February 2015 18 February 2020 2014–15 (50.74%) Croatian Democratic Union* (formally independent)
She defeated incumbent president Ivo Josipović in the second round of the 2015 election. She is the first female president since independence and also the youngest, aged 46. She was defeated by Zoran Milanović in her reelection bid in 2020.
5 Zoran Milanović
Milanovic potpis.gif
Zoran Milanović
(1966–)
7 19 February 2020 Incumbent 2019–20 (52.66%) Social Democratic Party* (formally independent)
He defeated incumbent president Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović in the second round of the 2020 election.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Grabar-Kitarović poput Merkel: 5 prosječnih plaća - Večernji.hr". Vecernji.hr. Retrieved 2016-12-31.

Other websites[change | change source]