President of Indonesia

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President of the
Republic of Indonesia
National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
Joko Widodo 2019 official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Joko Widodo

since 20 October 2014
AppointerElections in Indonesia
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
(amended constitution)
Inaugural holderSoekarno
Formation1945
WebsiteEnglish site: [1]
Indonesian site: [2]

The President of the Indonesia Republic is the head of state of Indonesia. The current President is Joko Widodo.

List of Presidents[change | change source]

     Independent (1 president)      Golkar (1 president)      National Awakening Party (1 president)      Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (2 presidents)      United Development Party (1 vice president)      Democratic Party (1 president)


# Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Time in office Political party Vice president(s)
1 Presiden Sukarno.jpg Soekarno
(1901–1970)
18 August 1945 12 March 1967[1] 21 years,

204 days

Independent Mohammad Hatta
Vacant (1 December 1956 – 12 March 1967)
Declared Indonesia's independence from the Netherlands. Presided during the Indonesian National Revolution and the first national elections. One of the founding fathers of the Non-Aligned Movement and hosted the 1955 Bandung Conference. Called for a 'Guided Democracy' following the collapse of 10 governments during the 1950s, with Nasakom as the principle ideology. Acceded Western New Guinea. Opposed the formation of Malaysia and began Konfrontasi. Signed the Supersemar in 1966, following the assassination of 6 generals. Relieved from power in 1967.
2 President Suharto, 1993.jpg Soeharto
(1921–2008)
12 March 1967 (acting)
27 March 1968
21 May 1998 31 years,

70 days

Golkar with military support
Vacant (12 March 1967 – 23 March 1973)
Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX
Adam Malik
Umar Wirahadikusumah
Sudharmono
Try Sutrisno
B. J. Habibie
Seized power from Sukarno through Supersemar in 1966. Declared a New Order military dictatorship. Dismantled the Indonesian Communist Party and oversaw the mass murder and imprisonment of thousands of suspected communists throughout the archipelago. Ended Konfrontasi and initiated friendly relationships with neighbouring countries of Malaysia and Singapore, and Indonesia became a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Severed ties with China and other communist countries in the region. Annexed East Timor. Incorporated Western New Guinea into Indonesia. Oversaw great economic and infrastructural development, but rampant corruption within the bureaucracy and government. Resigned following the collapse of the Indonesian economy during the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the 1998 riots.
3 Foto Presiden Habibie 1998.jpg B. J. Habibie
(1936–2019)
21 May 1998 20 October 1999 1 year,

150 days

Golkar Vacant
First, and to date the only, president who hailed from outside of Java. Took power following Suharto's resignation. Oversaw Indonesia's democratic transition. East Timor declared independence from Indonesia. Released thousands of political prisoners. Decided not to run for a full term.
4 Gusdur.jpg Abdurrahman Wahid
(1940–2009)
20 October 1999 23 July 2001 1 year,

276 days

National Awakening Party Vacant (20–21 October 1999)
Megawati Sukarnoputri
1999 – 54.37%
Head of Nahdlatul Ulama. Term embroiled by a number of scandals and corruption cases. Abolished all remaining legal discrimination against Chinese Indonesians. Attempts to reform the military and remove its political power were not taken kindly by military actors. Attempted to dissolve parliament, but was eventually impeached by parliament.
5 President Megawati Sukarnoputri - Indonesia.jpg Megawati Soekarnoputri
(born 1947)
23 July 2001 20 October 2004 3 years,

89 days

Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle Vacant (23–26 July 2001)
Hamzah Haz
The first female president of Indonesia. Daughter of Sukarno. Came to power following the impeachment of Abdurrahman Wahid. Presided during a period of economic growth. Bali was attacked by a major bombing in 2002 by Jemaah Islamiyah. Lost the 2004 presidential election to her former Coordinating Minister of Politics and Security.
6 Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.png Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
(born 1949)
20 October 2004 20 October 2014 10 years Democratic Party Jusuf Kalla
Boediono
2004 – 60.62%
2009 – 60.80%
The first president to be directly elected by popular vote. Parts of Sumatra were devastated by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Jemaah Islamiyah severely weakened following efforts by Detachment 88. Indonesia classified part of MINT and became a member of the G-20. Elected to a second term in 2009. Indonesia formed the Bali Democracy Forum and became a founding member of the Open Government Partnership. Presided over consistent economic growth. During his second term, the Democratic Party suffered a number of corruption scandals.
7 Joko Widodo 2019 official portrait.jpg Joko Widodo
(born 1961)
20 October 2014 Incumbent 4 years,

254 days

Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle Jusuf Kalla
Ma'ruf Amin (elect)
2014 – 53.15%
2019 – 55.50%
The first president not to have emerged from the country’s political elite or to have been an army general.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Sukarno transferred key presidential powers to Suharto on 11 March 1966 in a vaguely worded letter of authority known as Supersemar and surrender his powers on 22 February 1967 but he was not formally relieved of his presidential title by the provisional parliament until 12 March 1967.
  2. Joko Widodo, Populist Governor, Is Named Winner in Indonesian Presidential Vote, New York Times, 22 July 2014