President of Peru
|President of the Republic of Peru
Presidente de la República del Perú
since December 7, 2022
|Appointer||Direct popular election|
|Term length||Five years|
Not eligible for re-election immediately
|Inaugural holder||José de San Martín (de facto) |
José de la Riva Agüero (first to bear the title)
|Formation||February 28, 1823|
|Deputy||Vice President of Peru|
The President of Peru (Spanish: Presidente del Perú) officially called the President of the Republic of Peru (Spanish: Presidente de la República del Perú) is the head of state and head of government of Peru and represents the republic in official international matters.
The last directly elected President of Peru was Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, from 28 July 2016 to 21 March 2018, when he resigned from office.
The current president of Peru is Dina Boluarte who assumed office on 7 December 2022.
List of presidents[change | change source]
Terms[change | change source]
Presidents are elected for five-year terms, with no opportunity for immediate reelection. A former president can run again after being out of office for a full term. The change of government takes place on July 28, which is the date of independence from Spain and thus a national holiday.
Removal[change | change source]
There are only five ways the office of President of Peru can be left empty:
- Death of the President of the Republic.
- His permanent moral or physical disability, declared by Congress.
- Acceptance of his resignation by Congress.
- Leaving the national territory without permission of the Congress or not returning to it within the established period.
- Dismissal, after having been sanctioned for any of the infractions mentioned in Article 117 of the Constitution.
Four presidents of Peru have resigned: Guillermo Billinghurst (forced resignation), Andrés Avelino Cáceres, Alberto Fujimori, and Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.
Martín Vizcarra was impeached and removed from office on 10 November 2020. Pedro Castillo was impeached and removed from office after attempting to dissolve Congress as a self-coup d'état attempt on 7 December 2022.
Living former presidents of Peru[change | change source]
All former presidents of Peru since 1985 have been prosecuted since leaving office. As of 2021, there were eight living former presidents of Peru. In order of office they are:
28 July 1938
28 March 1946
27 June 1962
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
3 October 1938
22 March 1963
- Manuel Merino
20 August 1961
- Francisco Sagasti
10 October 1944
- Pedro Castillo
19 October 1969
The most recent president to die was Francisco Morales Bermúdez (1975–1980) on 14 July 2022.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "Political Constitution of Peru, Article 112" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Presidents of Peru at Wikimedia Commons