President of Portugal

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President of the Portuguese Republic
Presidente da República Portuguesa
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
Flag of the President of Portugal.svg
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, Visita de Estado ao México 2017-07-17.png
Incumbent
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

since 9 March 2016 (2016-03-09)
StyleHis/Her Excellency[1]
TypeExecutive
Member ofCouncil of State
Council of Ministers
ResidenceBelém Palace
SeatLisbon, Portugal
AppointerDirect election;
Two-round system, universal suffrage
Term lengthFive years;
Renewable once, consecutively.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the
Third Republic
PrecursorKing of Portugal
Formation5 October 1910; 109 years ago (1910-10-05)
First holderManuel de Arriaga
Salary93,364.74 (2015)
(€6,668.91/month)[2]
Websitepresidencia.pt

The President of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Presidente da República Portuguesa, pronounced: [pɾɨziˈðẽtɨ ðɐ ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɡezɐ]) is the executive head of state of Portugal.

The current President of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9 March 2016.

Duties[change | change source]

The President exercises the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and Grand Master of the Three Orders and shall appoint and remove, at the proposal of the Government, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces and the Military Staff Heads of the three branches the Armed Forces.

The President appoints the Prime Minister, given the election results, and appoints the other members of the Government by proposal of the Prime Minister.

The President declares a state of siege and emergency upon consultation with the Government and with permission of the Parliament.

The President decides on referendums put forth to him by Parliament.

Terms[change | change source]

Under the Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976, in the wake of the 1974 Carnation Revolution, the President is elected to a five-year term; there is no limit to the number of terms a president may serve, but a president who serves two consecutive terms may not serve again in the next five years after the second term finishes or in the following five years after his resignation.

If the president dies or becomes incapacitated while in office, the President of the Assembly assumes the office with restricted powers until a new president can be inaugurated following fresh elections.

Living former Presidents[change | change source]

There are three living former Portuguese Presidents:

References[change | change source]

  1. "United Nations Protocol and Liaison Service Public List: Heads of State - Heads of Government - Ministers For Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  2. Miguel Santos (23 September 2015). "E agora um tema sensível: os políticos são mal pagos?". Observador (in Portuguese). Lisbon. Retrieved 12 October 2016. Todos os salários de detentores de cargos políticos são calculados em função do salário bruto do Presidente da República — 6 668 euros brutos (a que acresce 25% de despesas de representação).

Other websites[change | change source]