President of Russia

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the Russian Federation
Президент Российской Федерации
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
Russian Coat of Arms
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg
Russian presidential standard
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (2nd Presidency).jpg
Vladimir Putin

since 7 May 2012
Governance of Russia
Executive branch in Russian Politics
StyleMr. President
Comrade Supreme Commander
(among the Military)
His Excellency [1]
StatusFederal Head of State
Member ofState Council
Security Council
Supreme Eurasian Economic Council
ResidenceKremlin Senate
Grand Kremlin Palace
SeatMoscow Kremlin, Moscow
NominatorPolitical parties or self-nomination
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthsix years, one consecutive re-election
Constituting instrumentRussian Constitution
PrecursorChairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
  • Passage of presidency law:
    24 April 1991 [2]
  • Constitutional amendments:
    24 May 1991 [3]
  • First inauguration:
    10 July 1991
(Modern status is defined by the Constitution, adopted on 12 December 1993)
First holderBoris Yeltsin
as first President of the Russian Federation (10 July 1991)
Salary3.6 million rubles annually
Websiteпрезидент.рф (in Russian) (in English)

The President of Russia is the head of state and head of the executive of the central government of Russia and the commander in chief of the Russian Armed Forces. The current president is Vladimir Putin. Boris Yeltsin was the first president of Russia, Vladimir Putin was second and fourth, and Dmitry Medvedev was the third. His duties are listed in the 1993 Russian Constitution. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation.

The first inauguration took place on 10 July 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev having to resign sealed the fate of the Soviet Union. The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the Russian federation.[4]

Inauguration of the President of Russia is done six years after the last inauguration (since 2000, this 7 May).

In case if the President dies, resigns or is removed from office, the Prime Minister serves as acting President until a replacement is appointed.

List of presidents[change | change source]

Number Image Name Term of office Length of term
1 Борис Николаевич Ельцин-1 (cropped).jpg Boris Yeltsin
July 12, 1991– December 31, 1999
8 years, 174 days
2 Vladimir Putin - 2012.jpg Vladimir Putin
(b. 1952)
December 31, 1999– May 7, 2008 8 years, 128 days
3 Dmitry Medvedev official large photo -1 (cropped).jpg Dmitry Medvedev
(b. 1965)
May 7, 2008– May 7, 2012 4 years, 0 days
(2) Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (2nd Presidency).jpg Vladimir Putin
(b. 1952)
May 7, 2012–present
(mandate expires on May 7, 2024)
9 years, 210 days

Living former Presidents[change | change source]

As of 3 December 2021, there is only one living former president. The only death of a former president was that of Boris Yeltsin (1991–1999) on April 23, 2007, aged 76.

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]