President of Russia

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President of the Russian Federation
Президент Российской Федерации
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg
Russian Coat of Arms
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg
Russian presidential standard
Vladimir Putin - 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Vladimir Putin

since 7 May 2012
Governance of Russia
Executive branch in Russian Politics
StyleMr. President
(formal)
Comrade Supreme Commander
(among the Military)
His Excellency [1]
(diplomatic)
StatusFederal Head of State
Member ofState Council
Security Council
Supreme Eurasian Economic Council
ResidenceKremlin Senate
(working)
Grand Kremlin Palace
(ceremonial)
Novo-Ogaryovo
(residential)
SeatMoscow Kremlin, Moscow
NominatorPolitical parties or self-nomination
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthsix years, one consecutive re-election
Constituting instrumentRussian Constitution
PrecursorChairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
Formation1991
  • Passage of presidency law:
    24 April 1991 [2]
  • Constitutional amendments:
    24 May 1991 [3]
  • First inauguration:
    10 July 1991
(Modern status is defined by the Constitution, adopted on 12 December 1993)
First holderBoris Yeltsin
as first President of the Russian Federation (10 July 1991)
Salary3.6 million rubles annually
Websiteпрезидент.рф (in Russian)
eng.kremlin.ru (in English)

The President of Russia is the head of state and head of the executive of the central government of Russia and the commander in chief of the Russian Armed Forces.

The current president is Vladimir Putin. Boris Yeltsin was the first president of Russia, Vladimir Putin was second and fourth, and Dmitry Medvedev was the third. The President's duties are listed in the 1993 Russian Constitution. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the Russian Federation.

The first inauguration took place on 10 July 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev having to resign sealed the fate of the Soviet Union. The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the Russian Federation.[4]

Inauguration of the President of Russia is done six years after the last inauguration (since 2000, this 7th of May).

In case of the President's death, resignation or removal from office, the Prime Minister serves as acting president until a replacement is appointed.

List of presidents[change | change source]

Number Image Name Term of office Length of term
1 Борис Николаевич Ельцин-1 (cropped).jpg Boris Yeltsin
(1931-2007)
July 12, 1991– December 31, 1999
(resign)
8 years, 174 days
2 Vladimir Putin - 2012.jpg Vladimir Putin
(b. 1952)
December 31, 1999– May 7, 2008 8 years, 128 days
3 Dmitry Medvedev official large photo -1 (cropped).jpg Dmitry Medvedev
(b. 1965)
May 7, 2008– May 7, 2012 4 years, 0 days
(2) Vladimir Putin - 2012.jpg Vladimir Putin
(b. 1952)
May 7, 2012–present
(mandate expires on May 7, 2024)
10 years, 33 days

Living former Presidents[change | change source]

As of June 2022, two former presidents are alive:

Image Name Term of office Age
Vladimir Putin - 2012.jpg Vladimir Putin 1999–2008 2012–present 69 years, 245 days
Dmitry Medvedev official large photo -1 (cropped).jpg Dmitry Medvedev 2008–2012 56 years, 268 days

The most recent president to die was Boris Yeltsin, who died on April 23, 2007.

References[change | change source]

  1. UNITED NATIONS HEADS OF STATE HEADS OF GOVERNMENT MINISTERS FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS Protocol and Liaison Service
  2. RSFSR Law "On President of the Russian SFSR
  3. RSFSR Law on amendments to the Constitution of the RSFSR
  4. "Collapse of the Soviet Union". HISTORY. Retrieved 2022-02-24.

Other websites[change | change source]