President of the European Commission
|President of the European Commission|
Emblem of the commission
|Status||Head of an Institution|
|Term length||Five years, renewable|
|Constituting instrument||Treaties of the European Union|
|Formation||1 January 1958|
|First holder||Walter Hallstein|
|Deputy||First Vice-President of the European Commission|
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission. It is the executive branch of the European Union. The President of the Commission leads a cabinet of Commissioners. The President, is chosen by the Council and Parliament, and decides (with each country) who the other members are and what they do.
Background[change | change source]
The President of the Commission also represents the EU abroad, together with the President of the European Council and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
The post was established in 1958. Each new President is nominated by the European Council and formally elected by the European Parliament, for a five-year term.
List of Presidents[change | change source]
Commission of the European Economic Community (1958–1967)[change | change source]
|Term of office||Tenure||Commission||Party||Group||Country|
|1 January 1958||5 July 1967||9 years, 185 days||Hallestein||CDU||CD||West Germany|
Commission of the European Communities (1967–2009) and European Commission (2009–present)[change | change source]
|Term of office||Tenure||Commission||Party||Group||Country||Electoral mandate|
|5 July 1967||1 July 1970||2 years, 361 days||Rey||PRL||LIB||Belgium||–|
|Franco Maria Malfatti
|1 July 1970||1 March 1972||1 year, 244 days||Malfatti||DC||CD||Italy||–|
|1 March 1972||5 January 1973||310 days||Mansholt||PvdA||SOC||Netherlands||–|
|5 January 1973||5 January 1977||4 years||Ortoli||UDR||EPD||France||–|
|5 January 1977||19 January 1981||4 years, 14 days||Jenkins||Lab||SOC||United Kingdom||1979|
|19 January 1981||6 January 1985||3 years, 353 days||Thorn||DP||LD||Luxembourg|
|6 January 1985||24 January 1995||10 years, 18 days||Delors||PS||SOC||France||1984|
|24 January 1995||15 March 1999[a]||4 years, 50 days||Santer||CSV||EPP||Luxembourg||1994|
|Manuel Marín (interim)
|15 March 1999||17 September 1999||186 days||Santer||PSOE||SOC||Spain|
|17 September 1999||22 November 2004||5 years, 66 days||Prodi||Dem||ELDR||Italy||1999|
|José Manuel Barroso
|22 November 2004||1 November 2014||9 years, 344 days||Barroso||PSD||EPP||Portugal||2004|
|1 November 2014||30 November 2019||5 years, 29 days||Juncker||CSV||EPP||Luxembourg||2014|
|Ursula von der Leyen
|1 December 2019||Incumbent||1 year, 179 days||von der Leyen||CDU||EPP||Germany||2019|
Notes[change | change source]
- Santer resigned before his mandate expired. His commission served in caretaker capacity under Marín till September. Replaced by Prodi, who completed Santer's mandate to 22 January 2000, when they were reappointed on their own mandate.
References[change | change source]
- English Style Guide: A handbook for authors and translators in the European Commission (PDF) (8 ed.). European Commission. October 2019. p. 119. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
- "European Commission salaries" (PDF). European Voice. Politico (Supplement: The Companion to the European Commission): 56. February 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015.