President of the Soviet Union

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President of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Президент Союза Советских Социалистических Республик
Last in Office - Mikhail Gorbachev
StyleHis Excellence
ResidenceKremlin Senate, Moscow[1]
AppointerDirect election,[2]
Congress of People's Deputies[3]
PrecursorMinister-President of Russian Republic
Formation15 March 1990 (1990-03-15) (As President)

17 January 1938 (1938-01-17) (As Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Sovie Union)

30 December 1922 (1922-12-30) (As Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR)
First holderMikhail Kalinin
Final holderMikhail Gorbachev
Abolished25 December 1991 (1991-12-25)
SuccessionPresident of Russia

The President of the Soviet Union, officially called President of the USSR or President of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics was the head of state of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev was the last person to hold the office. Gorbachev was also General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union between March 1985 and August 1991. He was the 10th and the only executive President of the Soviet Union rather than his predecessors who were Ceremonial Presidents.

List of President[change | change source]

List of Presidents of the Soviet Union

References[change | change source]

  1. O’Clery, Conor (2011). Moscow, December 25, 1991: The Last Day of the Soviet Union. New York: Public Affairs. p. 120. ISBN 9781610390125. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  2. 1977 Soviet Constitution with amendments of 1989—1990. Chapter 15.1: President of the Soviet Union Archived 2013-02-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Soviet Law from 14 March 1990 N 1360-I "On establishment of the Presidency of the Soviet Union and amendments and additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Soviet Union". Article III