President of the United States

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President of the
United States of America
Flag of the President of the United States of America.svg
Presidential Standard
President Barack Obama.jpg
Incumbent
Barack Obama

since January 20, 2009
Style Mr. President
(Informal)[1][2]
The Honorable
(Formal)[3]
His Excellency[4][5][6]
(diplomatic, outside the U.S.)
Residence White House
Washington, D.C.
Term length Four years
renewable once
Inaugural holder George Washington
April 30, 1789
Formation United States Constitution
March 4, 1789
Website The White House
The presidential seal was last changed in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii.

The President of the United States of America is the head of state, and head of government of the United States. The office of President was created in the United States Constitution in 1788. The first President took office in 1789. The President serves as chief executive and is in charge of the executive branch of the United States government. The United States Constitution makes the President the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. It also lists powers given to the President. These powers include :

With the agreement of the United States Senate he or she can:

If the president dies/retires between elections or is otherwise removed from office, the Acting President will become president, who is usually the Vice President.

List of Presidents of the United States[change | edit source]

# Name Took Office Left Office Party Vice President(s)
1 Gilbert Stuart Vaughn Portrait of George Washington.jpg George Washington 1789 1797 No party John Adams
2 Johnadams.jpg John Adams 1797 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson.jpg Thomas Jefferson 1801 1809 Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr and George Clinton[n 1]
4 Chester Harding - James Madison - Google Art Project.jpg James Madison 1809 1817 Democratic-Republican Elbridge Gerry[n 1]
5 John Vanderlyn - James Monroe - Google Art Project.jpg James Monroe 1817 1825 Democratic-Republican Daniel D. Tompkins
6 George Caleb Bingham - John Quincy Adams - Google Art Project.jpg John Quincy Adams 1825 1829 Democratic-Republican John C. Calhoun
7 Andrew Jackson by Ralph Eleaser Whiteside Earl.jpg Andrew Jackson 1829 1837 Democratic John C. Calhoun[n 2] and Martin Van Buren
8 Martin Van Buren by George PA Healy, 1858.gif Martin Van Buren 1837 1841 Democratic Richard Mentor Johnson
9 William Henry Harrison.jpg William Henry Harrison[n 3] 1841 1841 Whig John Tyler
10 John Tyler by George P. A. Healy.JPG John Tyler 1841 1845 Whig[n 4] none
11 JamesKnoxPolk.png James Knox Polk 1845 1849 Democratic George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor 2.jpg Zachary Taylor[n 3] 1849[n 5] 1850 Whig Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore 1840.jpg Millard Fillmore 1850 1853 Whig none
14 FranklinPierce.png Franklin Pierce 1853 1857 Democratic William R. King[n 6]
15 James Buchanan, by George Peter Alexander Healy.jpg James Buchanan 1857 1861 Democratic John C. Breckinridge
16 Abrahamlincoln.jpg Abraham Lincoln[n 7] 1861 1865 Republican Hannibal Hamlin and Andrew Johnson
17 Washington Bogart Cooper - Andrew Johnson - Google Art Project.jpgAndrew Johnson 1865 1869 Democratic[n 8] none
18 Thomas Le Clear - Ulysses S. Grant - Google Art Project.jpg Ulysses Simpson Grant 1869 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax and Henry Wilson[n 6]
19 Rutherford B. Hayes at NPG.jpg Rutherford Birchard Hayes 1877 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler
20 James Garfield.jpg James Abram Garfield[n 7] 1881 1881 Republican Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester A. Arthur by Ole Peter Hansen Balling.JPG Chester Alan Arthur 1881 1885 Republican none
22 Grover Cleveland, painting by Anders Zorn.jpg Stephen Grover Cleveland 1885 1889 Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks[n 6]
23 Benjamin Harrison by Eastman Johnson (1895).jpg Benjamin Harrison 1889 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton
24 Grover Cleveland, painting by Anders Zorn.jpg Stephen Grover Cleveland 1893 1897 Democratic Adlai E. Stevenson
25 August Benziger - William McKinley - Google Art Project.jpg William McKinley[n 7] 1897 1901 Republican Garret A. Hobart[n 6] then Theodore Roosevelt
26 TRSargent.jpg Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. 1901 1909 Republican None then Charles W. Fairbanks
27 Joaquin Sorolla Portrait of President Taft.jpg William Howard Taft 1909 1913 Republican James S. Sherman[n 6]
28 William Orpen Woodrow Wilson.jpg Thomas Woodrow Wilson 1913 1921 Democratic Thomas R. Marshall
29 Wh29.gif Warren Gamaliel Harding[n 3] 1921 1923 Republican Calvin Coolidge
30 Calvin Coolidge.jpg John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. 1923 1929 Republican None then Charles G. Dawes
31 Herberthoover.jpg Herbert Clark Hoover 1929 1933 Republican Charles Curtis
32 Froosevelt.jpeg Franklin Delano Roosevelt[n 3] 1933 1945 Democratic John Nance Garner and Henry A. Wallace and Harry S. Truman
33 HarryTruman.jpg Harry S. Truman 1945 1953 Democratic None then Alben W. Barkley
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg Dwight David Eisenhower 1953 1961 Republican Richard Nixon
35 John F Kennedy Official Portrait.jpg John Fitzgerald Kennedy[n 7] 1961 1963 Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Lyndon B. Johnson.jpg Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963 1969 Democratic None then Hubert H. Humphrey
37 Rn37.jpeg Richard Milhous Nixon[n 9] 1969 1974 Republican Spiro Agnew[n 2] then None then Gerald Ford
38 Gerald R. Ford oil portrait.jpg Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. 1974 1977 Republican None then Nelson Rockefeller
39 President Carter National Portrait Gallery.jpg James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. 1977 1981 Democratic Walter F. Mondale
40 Ronald W. Reagan oil portrait .jpg Ronald Wilson Reagan 1981 1989 Republican George H. W. Bush
41 George H. W. Bush - Presidential portrait.jpg George Herbert Walker Bush 1989 1993 Republican James Danforth Quayle III
42 Bill Clinton - Presidential portrait.jpg William "Bill" Jefferson Clinton 1993 2001 Democratic Albert A. Gore, Jr.
43 George W Bush - Presidential portrait.jpg George Walker Bush 2001 2009 Republican Richard B. Cheney
44 President Barack Obama.jpg Barack Hussein Obama II 2009 Incumbent Democratic Joseph R. Biden

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Died while Vice President.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Resigned as Vice President.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Died of natural causes.
  4. Democrat on Whig ticket.
  5. Was not sworn into office on the day he was expected to be.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Died while Vice President, not replaced.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Assassinated.
  8. Democrat who ran on Union ticket with Republican Lincoln.
  9. Resigned.

Sources[change | edit source]