Prime Minister of Afghanistan

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Prime Minister of Afghanistan
(Pashto: د افغانستان لومړی وزیر
Dari: رئیس‌الوزرای افغانستان‎)
Incumbent
Hasan Akhund
Acting

since 7 September 2021
Cabinet of Afghanistan
Member ofSupreme Council (1996–2001)
SeatKabul
AppointerKing (1927–1973)
President (1978–1996)
Emir (1996–2001; 2021–present)
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation25 October 1927 (first incarnation)
1 May 1978 (second incarnation)
7 September 2021 (third incarnation)
First holderShir Ahmad
Abolished17 July 1973 (first incarnation)
13 November 2001 (second incarnation)
DeputyAbdul Ghani Baradar (acting, first)
Abdul Salam Hanafi (acting, second)

The Prime Minister of Afghanistan (Pashto: د افغانستان لومړی وزیر‎, Dari: رئیس‌الوزرای افغانستان‎) is a post within the cabinet of Afghanistan. It was created in 1927 and later abolished after the US invasion . After the Fall of Kabul, on September 7, 2021 the Taliban officials re-created the office.[1]

List[change | change source]

Name Portrait Lifespan Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Kingdom of Afghanistan (1926–1973)
Shir Ahmad No image.svg c. 1885–? 25 October 1927 January 1929 1 year, 2 months Independent
Prime Minister; Deposed
Shir Giyan No image.svg died 1929 January 1929 1 November 1929 10 months Independent
Prime Minister; Deposed
Mohammad Hashim Khan Mohammad Hashim Khan.jpg 1884–1953 1 November 1929 9 May 1946 16 years, 189 days Independent
Prime Minister; Member of the Barakzai dynasty
Amanat Lewana No image.svg Unknown c. 1944 c. 1946 c. 2 years Unknown
Prime Minister under king Salemai; Eastern Province only during the 1944–47 tribal revolts
Shah Mahmud Khan No image.svg 1890–1959 9 May 1946 7 September 1953 7 years, 121 days Independent
Prime Minister; Member of the Barakzai dynasty
Mohammed Daoud Khan Mohammed Daoud Khan (cropped).jpg 1909–1978 7 September 1953 10 March 1963 9 years, 184 days Independent
Prime Minister; Member of the Barakzai dynasty
Mohammad Yusuf No image.svg 1917–1998 10 March 1963 2 November 1965 2 years, 237 days Independent
Prime Minister
Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal.jpg 1919–1973 2 November 1965 11 October 1967 1 year, 343 days Independent
(until 1966)
Progressive Democratic Party
Prime Minister
Abdullah Yaqta No image.svg 1914–2003 11 October 1967 1 November 1967 21 days Independent
Acting Prime Minister
Mohammad Nur Ahmad Etemadi No image.svg 1921–1979 1 November 1967 9 June 1971 3 years, 220 days Independent
Prime Minister
Abdul Zahir No image.svg 1910–1982 9 June 1971 12 November 1972 1 year, 156 days Independent
Prime Minister
Mohammad Musa Shafiq No image.svg 1932–1979 12 November 1972 17 July 1973 247 days Independent
Prime Minister; Deposed during the 1973 coup d'état[2]
Post abolished (17 July 1973–27 April 1978)
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1978–1992)
Nur Muhammad Taraki Nur Muhammad Taraki.png 1917–1979 1 May 1978 27 March 1979 330 days People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Hafizullah Amin Hafizullah Amin.jpg 1929–1979 27 March 1979 27 December 1979 275 days People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers; Assassinated by Soviet special forces during the Operation Storm-333[3]
Babrak Karmal No image.svg 1929–1996 27 December 1979 11 June 1981 1 year, 166 days People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Sultan Ali Keshtmand No image.svg born 1935 11 June 1981 26 May 1988 6 years, 350 days People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers; First Tenure
Mohammad Hasan Sharq File:Mohammad Hasan Sharq.png born 1925 26 May 1988 21 February 1989 271 days Independent
Chairman of the Council of Ministers; Appointed as part of the National Reconciliation process
Sultan Ali Keshtmand No image.svg born 1935 21 February 1989 8 May 1990 1 year, 76 days People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers; Second Tenure
Fazal Haq Khaliqyar No image.svg 1934–2004 8 May 1990 15 April 1992 1 year, 343 days People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
(until June 1990)
Homeland Party
Chairman of the Council of Ministers; Resigned
Islamic State of Afghanistan (1992–2002)
Abdul Sabur Farid Kohistani No image.svg 1952–2007 6 July 1992 15 August 1992 40 days Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Prime Minister
Post vacant (15 August 1992–17 June 1993)
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, BBC Persian - Sep 28, 2019.jpg born 1947 17 June 1993 28 June 1994 1 year, 11 days Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Prime Minister; First Tenure
Arsala Rahmani Daulat No image.svg 1937–2012 28 June 1994 1995 0–1 years Ittehad-e Islami
Acting Prime Minister
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai No image.svg 1944-2021 1995 26 June 1996 0–1 years Ittehad-e Islami
Acting Prime Minister
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, BBC Persian - Sep 28, 2019.jpg born 1947 26 June 1996 11 August 1997 1 year, 46 days Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Prime Minister; Second Tenure; Deposed during the fall of Kabul on 27 September 1996;[4] Continued to claim the position in rebellion during the 1996–2001 Civil War; The Islamic State remained the internationally recognized government, despite only controlling about 10% of Afghan territory
Abdul Rahim Ghafoorzai No image.svg 1947–1997 11 August 1997 21 August 1997 10 days Independent
Prime Minister; Claimed the position in rebellion during the 1996–2001 Civil War; Killed in an aircraft crash
Post vacant (21 August 1997–13 July 2002)
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–present)
Mullah
Mohammad Rabbani
No image.svg 1955–2001 27 September 1996 13 April 2001 4 years, 198 days Taliban
Head of the Supreme Council; Prime Minister; Deputy leader of the Taliban; Died in office
Mawlawi
Abdul Kabir
No image.svg born 1958 16 April 2001 13 November 2001 211 days Taliban
Acting Head of the Supreme Council; Acting Prime Minister; Deposed during the fall of Kabul
Post abolished (13 November 2001–7 September 2021)
Mullah
Hasan Akhund
No image.svg between 1945 and 1958[5] 7 September 2021 Incumbent 45 days Taliban
Acting Prime Minister

References[change | change source]

  1. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-58479750
  2. "Afghan King Overthrown; A Republic Is Proclaimed". The New York Times. 18 July 1973. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  3. "How Soviet troops stormed Kabul palace". BBC. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  4. Barbara Crossette (26 September 1996). "Kabul Falls to Islamic Militia; Afghans Accuse Pakistan". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  5. "Security Council 1988 Committee Amends 105 Entries on Its Sanctions List | Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". www.un.org. Retrieved 2021-09-08.