Prime Minister of Bangladesh

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The prime minister of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের প্রধানমন্ত্রী, romanized: Bangladesher Prodhanmontri), officially prime minister of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bengali: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকারের প্রধানমন্ত্রী, romanized: Gonoprojatantri Bangladesh Shorkarer Prodhanmontri) is the chief executive of the government of Bangladesh. The prime minister and the cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. The prime minister is ceremonially appointed by the president of Bangladesh.

Prime Minister of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকারের প্রধানমন্ত্রী
Seal of the prime minister of Bangladesh
Standard of the prime minister of Bangladesh
Sheikh Hasina

since 6 January 2009
TypeHead of Government
StatusLeader of the Executive
Member of
ResidenceGanabhaban, Dhaka
SeatPrimary: Prime Minister's Office, Tejgaon, Dhaka
Secondary: Cabinet office, Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka
AppointerPresident of Bangladesh by convention, based on appointee's ability to command the confidence of the Jatiya Sangsad
Term lengthAt the pleasure of the President
Jatiya Sangsad term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Bangladesh
Inaugural holderTajuddin Ahmed
Formation17 April 1971; 53 years ago (1971-04-17)
Salary৳ 115,000 Monthly
(US$ 1,430)
৳ 1,380,000 annually
(US$ 17,156) [1]

The position was taken over by the military during years of 1975–78, 1982–86 and 1990–91 due to imposed martial law. In each of these periods, the national government leadership was in control of the military with the executive authority of the president and the prime minister. During the period between 1996 and 2008, The chief adviser of the caretaker government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh exercised authority as per the constitution as the Head of government for 90 days during transition between one elected government to another. The chief adviser headed an Advisory Committee comprising ten Advisers. With powers roughly equivalent to those of the prime minister of an elected governments, his executive power was constrained with certain constitutional limitations. The system was scrapped in 2011 by 15th amendment of constitution to allow political government to conduct any General Election in future.

The current prime minister is Sheikh Hasina, appointed on 6 January 2009 by president Iajuddin Ahmed. She is the longest serving prime minister in the country's history.

List of prime ministers[change | change source]

Portrait Entered office Left office Political party
Tajuddin Ahmad
Prime Minister
11 April 1971 12 January 1972 Bangladesh Awami League
Mujibur Rahman
Prime Minister
12 January 1972 25 January 1975 Bangladesh Awami League
Muhammad Mansur Ali
Prime Minister
25 January 1975 15 August 1975 Bangladesh Awami League
Post Abolished (15 August 1975-29 June 1978)
Mashiur Rahman
Senior Minister
29 June 1978 12 March 1979 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Shah Azizur Rahman
Prime Minister
15 April 1979 24 March 1982 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Post Abolished (24 March 1982-30 March 1984)
Ataur Rahman Khan
Prime Minister
30 March 1984 9 July 1986 Jatiya Party
Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury
Prime Minister
9 July 1986 27 March 1988 Jatiya Party
Moudud Ahmed
Prime Minister
27 March 1988 12 August 1989 Jatiya Party
Kazi Zafar Ahmed
Prime Minister
12 August 1989 6 December 1990 Jatiya Party
Post Abolished (6 December 1990-20 March 1991)
Khaleda Zia
Prime Minister
20 March 1991 30 March 1996 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Muhammad Habibur Rahman
Chief Adviser
30 March 1996 23 June 1996 Independent
Hasina Wazed
Prime Minister
23 June 1996 15 July 2001 Bangladesh Awami League
Latifur Rahman
Chief Adviser
15 July 2001 10 October 2001 Independent
Khaleda Zia
Prime Minister
10 October 2001 29 October 2006 Bangladesh Nationalist Party
Iajuddin Ahmed
President and Chief Adviser
29 October 2006 11 January 2007 Independent
Fazlul Haque
Acting Chief Adviser
11 January 2007 12 January 2007 Independent
Fakhruddin Ahmed
Chief Adviser
12 January 2007 6 January 2009 Independent
Sheikh Hasina
Prime Minister
6 January 2009 Incumbent Bangladesh Awami League

References[change | change source]

  1. Correspondent, Parliament; "Bangladesh raises president, prime minister's pay, perks".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)