Prime Minister of Ethiopia

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Prime Minister of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
የኢ.ፌ.ዴ.ሪ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር
Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
Emblem
Abiy.jpg
Incumbent
Abiy Ahmed

since 2 April 2018
ResidenceMenelik Palace, Addis Ababa
AppointerPresident of Ethiopia
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderHabte Giyorgis
(Chief Minister)
Makonnen Endelkachew
(Prime Minister)
Formation1909 (Chief Minister)
1943 (Prime Minister)

The Prime Minister of Ethiopia is the head of the Ethiopian government and the most powerful figure in Ethiopian politics. Although the President of Ethiopia is the country's head of state, his powers are largely ceremonial, the constitution states that the Prime Minister has more power and serves as chief executive.

The official residence of the prime minister, is Menelik Palace in Addis Ababa. The current Prime Minister is Abiy Ahmed of EPRDF, the twelfth person to hold the position.

List of heads of government[change | change source]

Name Portrait Birth–Death Election Took office Left office Political party
(Coalition)
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svgEthiopian Empire (1137–1974) • Imperial coat of arms of Ethiopia (Haile Selassie).svg
1 Fitawrari
Habte Giyorgis
Fitawrari Habte Giyorgis.JPG 1851–1927 1909 1927
(Died in Office)
Independent
2 Ras
Tafari Makonnen[1]
Selassie restored.jpg 1892–1975 1927 1 May 1936
(Exiled)
Independent
3 Betwoded
Wolde Tzaddick
No image.png 1 May 1936 14 May 1942 Independent
4 Ras Betwoded
Makonnen Endelkachew
Makonnen Endelkachew.jpg 1890–1963 14 May 1942 27 November 1957 Independent
5 Ras
Abebe Aregai
Abebe-Aregai.jpg 1903–1960 1957 27 November 1957 17 December 1960
(Assassinated)
Independent
Leul Ras
Imru Haile Selassie[2]
Ras Immiru.jpg 1892–1980 14 December 1960 17 December 1960
Vacant (17 December 1960–17 April 1961)
6 Tsehafi Taezaz
Aklilu Habte-Wold
Aklilu.jpg 1912–1974 1961
1965
1969
1973
17 April 1961 1 March 1974
(Resigned)
Independent
7 Lij
Endelkachew Makonnen
Endelkachew Makonnen.jpg 1927–1974 1 March 1974 22 July 1974
(Imprisoned by the Derg)
Independent
Vacant (22 July 1974–3 August 1974)
8 Lij
Mikael Imru
Mikael Imru, Ambassador of Ethiopia, 1961 (JFKWHP-AR6379-A).jpg 1929–2008 3 August 1974 12 September 1974
(Deposed by the Derg)
Independent
Flag of Ethiopia (1975–1987) (02).svgDerg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia) (1974–1987) • Emblem of the Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia.svg
Post Abolished (12 September 1974–10 September 1987)
Flag of Ethiopia (1987-1991).svgPeople's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1987–1991) • Emblem of the Peoples' Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.svg
9 Fikre Selassie Wogderess No image.png c. 1945– 1987 10 September 1987 8 November 1989
(Dismissed)
WPE
10 Hailu Yimenu
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png ?–1991 8 November 1989 26 April 1991 WPE
11 Tesfaye Dinka
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 1939–2016 26 April 1991 6 June 1991
(Deposed)
WPE
Flag of Ethiopia (1991-1996).svgTransitional Government of Ethiopia (1991–1995) • Emblem of Transitional Government of Ethiopia.svg
12 Tamrat Layne
Interim Prime Minister
No image.png 1955– 6 June 1991 22 August 1995 ANDM
(EPRDF)
Flag of Ethiopia.svgFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (1995–present) • Emblem of Ethiopia.svg
13 Meles Zenawi Meles Zenawi - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012 cropped.jpg 1955–2012 1995
2000
2005
2010
23 August 1995 20 August 2012
(Died in Office)
TPLF
(EPRDF)
14 Hailemariam Desalegn Hailemariam2014.jpg 1965– 2015 20 August 2012
(Acting PM
20 Aug–21 Sept 2012)
2 April 2018
(Caretaker PM
15 Feb–2 Apr 2018)
SEPDM
(EPRDF)
15 Abiy Ahmed Abiy.jpg 1976– 2 April 2018 Incumbent OPDO
(EPRDF)

References[change | change source]

  1. From 2 April 1930, Emperor Haile Selassie I
  2. In rebellion during the 1960 coup attempt