Prime Minister of Iran

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Prime Minister of Iran
نخست‌وزیر ایران
Emblem of Iran.svg
Official standard
(1979–1989)
TypeHead of Government
StatusOffice abolished
Member ofCabinet of Iran
Supreme National Security Council
ResidenceMarble Palace
AppointerThe Parliament
PrecursorGrand Vizier of Persia
Formation1 August 1906
First holderMirza Nasrullah Khan
Final holderMir-Hossein Mousavi
Abolished3 August 1989
SuccessionPresident of Iran
Vice President of Iran

The Prime Minister of Iran was a political job in Iran (Persia) that had existed many times between the Qajar era until the end of the Pahlavi dynasty. It also was active from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution, but was abolished in 1989.

List[change | change source]

Political party key
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Took office Left office Time in office
State flag of Persia (1907–1933).svgSublime State of Persia (1907–1925) • Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg
1 Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh.jpg Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh
(1840–1907)
Grand Vizier
1 August 1906 7 March 1907 218 days Independent Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Mozaffar-ed-Din Shah Qajar - 1.jpg
(1896–1907)
Moshir al-Dowleh held the office at the time of death of Mozaffar al-Din Shah and accession of Mohammad Ali Shah, on 3 January 1907. Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg
(1907–1909)
2 Sultanəli xan Vəziri-Əfxəm.jpg Soltan-Ali Vazir-e Afkham
(1862–1914)
Interior Minister and Head of Cabinet
17 March 1907 29 April 1907 43 days Independent
3 Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Atabak.jpg Ali-Asghar Khan Atabak
(1858–1907)
4 May 1907 31 August 1907
(assassinated)
119 days Independent
4 Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh.jpg Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
(1844–1918)
16 September 1907 27 October 1907 41 days Independent
5 Abolqasem.jpg Abolqasem Naser al-Molk
(1856–1927)
27 October 1907 21 December 1907 55 days Independent
6 Nezam al-Saltaneh Mafi.png Hossein-Qoli Nezam al-Saltaneh Mafi
(1832–1908)
21 December 1907 21 May 1908 152 days Independent
(4) Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh.jpg Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
(1844–1918)
7 June 1908 29 April 1909 326 days Independent
7 Kamran Mirza.jpg Kamran Mirza Nayeb al-Saltaneh
(1856–1929)
29 April 1909 2 May 1909 3 days Independent
8 Javad Sa'd al-Dowleh.jpg Javad Sa'd al-Dowleh
(1856–1930)
8 May 1909 13 July 1909
(deposed)
66 days Independent
Interim Cabinet without Prime Minister
کابینه موقت بدون نخست وزیر
(Appointed by Supreme Council of Politicians and Clergymen)
17 July 1909 30 September 1909 75 days Ahmad Shah Qajar
AhmadShahQajar2.jpg
(1909–1925)
9 Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(1848–1926)
30 September 1909 25 July 1910 298 days Moderate Socialists
10 Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek.jpg Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1875–1932)
25 July 1910 12 March 1911 230 days Democrats
(9) Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(1848–1926)
12 March 1911 26 July 1911 136 days Moderate Socialists
11 Samsam Saltaneh.jpg Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
(1846–1930)
26 July 1911 1913 c. 2 years Moderate Socialists
12 Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh.jpg Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
(1829–1918)
18 January 1913 16 August 1913 210 days Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek.jpg Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1875–1932)
17 August 1913 14 March 1915 1 year, 209 days Democrats
13 Hassan Pirnia.jpg Hassan Pirnia
(1871–1935)
14 March 1915 1 May 1915 48 days Moderate Socialists
14 Ein-oddole.jpg Abdol Majid Mirza
(1845–1927)
1 May 1915 18 August 1915 109 days Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek.jpg Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1875–1932)
18 August 1915 24 December 1915 128 days Democrats
15 Abdol-Hossein Farmanfarma.jpg Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma
(1857–1939)
24 December 1915 29 February 1916 67 days Moderate Socialists
(9) Mohammad Vali Khan Tonekaboni.jpg Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(1848–1926)
5 March 1916 29 August 1916 177 days Moderate Socialists
16 Vossug ed Dowleh.png Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
(1873–1950)
29 August 1916 5 June 1917 280 days Democrats
(12) Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh.jpg Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
(1829–1918)
5 June 1917 21 November 1917 169 days Independent
(14) Abdol Majid Mirza.jpg Abdol Majid Mirza
(1845–1927)
21 November 1917 16 January 1918 56 days Independent
(10) Mostowfi.jpg Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1875–1932)
16 January 1918 1 May 1918 105 days Democrats
(11) Samsam Saltaneh.jpg Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
(1846–1930)
1 May 1918 8 August 1918 99 days Moderate Socialists
(16) Hassan Vosugh.jpg Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
(1845–1927)
8 August 1918 3 July 1920 1 year, 330 days Democrats
(until 1919)
Independent
(13) Hassan Pirnia.jpg Hassan Pirnia
(1871–1935)
3 July 1920 27 October 1920 116 days Independent
17 Sepahdar.jpg Fathollah Khan Akbar
(1878–1967)
27 October 1920 22 February 1921
(deposed)
118 days Independent
18 SeyyedZiaTabatabai.jpg Zia'eddin Tabatabaee
(1889–1969)
24 February 1921 4 June 1921 100 days Independent
19 Ahmad-qavam.jpg Qavām os-Saltaneh
(1873–1955)
4 June 1921 21 January 1922 231 days Reformers' Party
(13) Hassan Pirnia.jpg Hassan Pirnia
(1871–1935)
21 January 1922 22 June 1922 152 days Independent
(19) Ahmad-qavam.jpg Qavām os-Saltaneh
(1873–1955)
22 June 1922 15 February 1923 238 days Reformers' Party
(10) Mostowfi.jpg Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1875–1932)
15 February 1923 15 June 1923 120 days Revival Party
(13) Hassan Pirnia 2.jpg Hassan Pirnia
(1871–1935)
15 June 1923 26 October 1923 133 days Independent
20 Reza Shah portrait.jpg Reza Khan Sardar Sepah
(1878–1944)
26 October 1923 12 December 1925
(became Shah)
2 years, 47 days Military
Flag of Iran before 1979 Revolution (Pahlavi Dynasty).svgImperial State of Iran (1925–1979) • Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
Foroughi PM1314.jpg Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(1875–1942)
Acting Prime Minister
12 December 1925 13 June 1926 183 days Revival Party Reza Shah Pahlavi
Reza Shah portrait.jpg
(1925–1941)
(10) Mostowfi.jpg Mostowfi ol-Mamalek
(1875–1932)
13 June 1926 2 June 1927 354 days Revival Party
21 Mehdi Qoli Hedayat.jpg Mehdi Hedayat
(1864–1955)
2 June 1927 18 September 1933 6 years, 108 days Revival Party
Independent
22 Foroughi PM1314.jpg Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(1875–1942)
18 September 1933 3 December 1935 2 years, 76 days Independent
23 Mahmoud Djam 01.jpg Mahmoud Jam
(1880–1969)
3 December 1935 26 October 1939 3 years, 327 days Independent
24 Ahmad Matin-Daftari.jpg Ahmad Matin-Daftari
(1897–1971)
26 October 1939 26 June 1940 244 days Independent
25 Mansorolmolk.jpg Ali Mansur
(1886–1974)
26 June 1940 27 August 1941
(resigned)
1 year, 62 days Independent
(22) Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(1875–1942)
27 August 1941 9 March 1942 194 days Independent Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 2.jpg
(1941–1979)
26 Portrait of Ali Soheili.jpg Ali Soheili
(1896–1958)
9 March 1942 9 August 1942 153 days Independent
(19) AhmadGhavam2.jpg Ahmad Qavam
(1873–1955)
9 August 1942 15 February 1943 190 days Independent
(26) Portrait of Ali Soheili.jpg Ali Soheili
(1896–1958)
15 February 1943 6 April 1944 1 year, 51 days Independent
27 Portrait of Mohammad Sa'ed.jpg Mohammad Sa'ed
(1881–1973)
6 April 1944 25 November 1944 233 days Independent
28 Morteza-Qoli Bayat portrait.jpg Morteza-Qoli Bayat
(1890–1958)
25 November 1944 13 May 1945 169 days Independent
29 Ebrahim Hakimi portrait.png Ebrahim Hakimi
(1871–1959)
13 May 1945 6 June 1945 24 days Independent
30 Mohsen Sadr.png Mohsen Sadr
(1871–1962)
6 June 1945 30 October 1945 146 days Independent
(29) Ebrahim Hakimi portrait.png Ebrahim Hakimi
(1871–1959)
30 October 1945 28 January 1946 90 days Independent
(19) AhmadGhavam2.jpg Ahmad Qavam
(1873–1955)
28 January 1946 18 December 1947 1 year, 324 days Independent
Democrat Party of Iran
(from 29 June 1946)
31 Hekmat sardar fakher.jpg Mohammad-Reza Hekmat
(1891–1978)
18 December 1947 29 December 1947 11 days Democrat Party of Iran
(29) Ebrahim Hakimi portrait.png Ebrahim Hakimi
(1871–1959)
29 December 1947 13 June 1948 167 days Independent
32 Hazhir.jpg Abdolhossein Hazhir
(1902–1949)
13 June 1948 9 November 1948 149 days Independent
(27) Portrait of Mohammad Sa'ed.jpg Mohammad Sa'ed
(1881–1973)
9 November 1948 23 March 1950 1 year, 134 days Independent
(25) Mansorolmolk.jpg Ali Mansur
(1886–1974)
23 March 1950 26 June 1950 95 days Independent
33 Ali-razmarapic.jpg Ali Razmara
(1901–1951)
26 June 1950 7 March 1951
(assassinated)
254 days Military
Khalil Fahimi.jpg Khalil Fahimi
(1876–1953)
Acting Prime Minister
7 March 1951 12 March 1951 5 days Independent
34 Hosein Ala.jpg Hossein Ala'
(1882–1964)
12 March 1951 27 April 1951 46 days Independent
35 MosaddeghvisitsUSA ().jpg Mohammad Mosaddegh
(1882–1967)
28 April 1951 17 July 1952 1 year, 80 days National Front
(19) AhmadQhavamv2.jpg Ahmad Qavam
(1873–1955)
17 July 1952 22 July 1952 5 days Independent
(35) MosaddeghvisitsUSA ().jpg Mohammad Mosaddegh
(1882–1967)
22 July 1952 19 August 1953
(deposed)
1 year, 28 days National Front
36 Fazlollah zahedi.jpg Fazlollah Zahedi
(1897–1963)
19 August 1953 7 April 1955 1 year, 231 days Military
(34) Hosein Ala.jpg Hossein Ala'
(1882–1964)
7 April 1955 3 April 1957 1 year, 361 days Independent
37 Manouchehr Eghbal Portrait.jpg Manouchehr Eghbal
(1909–1977)
3 April 1957 31 August 1960 3 years, 150 days Nationalists’ Party
38 Sharif-Emami late 1950's.jpg Jafar Sharif-Emami
(1910–1998)
31 August 1960 5 May 1961 247 days Nationalists’ Party
39 Ali Amini Portrait.jpg Ali Amini
(1905–1992)
5 May 1961 19 July 1962 1 year, 75 days Independent
40 Asadollah Alam portrait.jpg Asadollah Alam
(1919–1978)
19 July 1962 7 March 1964 1 year, 232 days People's Party
41 Hassan Ali Mansur portrait.jpg Hassan-Ali Mansur
(1923–1965)
7 March 1964 26 January 1965
(assassinated)
325 days New Iran Party
42 Amir Abbas Hoveyda-1976.jpg Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
(1919–1979)
26 January 1965 7 August 1977 12 years, 193 days New Iran Party
(until 1975)
Rastakhiz Party
43 Jamshid Amouzegar 1977.jpg Jamshid Amouzegar
(1923–2016)
7 August 1977 27 August 1978 1 year, 20 days Rastakhiz Party
(38) Jafar Sharif-Emami portrait.jpg Jafar Sharif-Emami
(1910–1998)
27 August 1978 6 November 1978 71 days Rastakhiz Party
(until 1 November)
Independent
44 Gholam Reza Azhari.jpg Gholam Reza Azhari
(1912–2001)
6 November 1978 4 January 1979 59 days Military
45 Portrait of Shapour Bakhtiar.jpg Shapour Bakhtiar
(1914–1991)
4 January 1979 11 February 1979
(deposed)
38 days Independent
Flag of Iran.svgIslamic Republic of Iran (1979–present) • Emblem of Iran.svg
46 Portrait of Mehdi Bazargan.jpg Mehdi Bazargan
مهدی بازرگان
(1907–1995)
4 February 1979 6 November 1979
(resigned)
275 days Freedom Movement of Iran Ruhollah Khomeini
Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini By Mohammad Sayyad.jpg
(1979–1989)
Council of the Islamic Revolution
شورای انقلاب اسلامی
(Leader: Abolhassan Banisadr)
6 November 1979 12 August 1980 280 days
47 Mohammad-Ali Rajai.jpg Mohammad-Ali Rajai
محمدعلی رجائی
(1933–1981)
12 August 1980 4 August 1981 357 days Islamic Republican Party
48 Mohammad Javad Bahonar - 1979.jpg Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
محمدجواد باهنر
(1933–1981)
4 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
26 days Islamic Republican Party
Mahdavi-Kani 1981.jpg Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
محمدرضا مهدوی کنی
(1931–2014)
Acting Prime Minister
2 September 1981 31 October 1981 59 days Combatant Clergy Association
49 Mir-Hossein Mousavi in 1981.jpg Mir-Hossein Mousavi
میرحسین موسوی خامنه
(born 1942)
31 October 1981 14 August 1989 7 years, 287 days Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
Independent Ali Khamenei
Ali Khamenei crop.jpg
(1989present)
Post abolished (14 August 1989 – present)

Living former prime ministers[change | change source]

Name Picture Term Date of birth
Mir-Hossein Mousavi Mir Hossein Mousavi in Zanjan by Mardetanha1(Cropped).jpg 1981–1989 (1942-03-02) 2 March 1942 (age 80)

More readings[change | change source]

  • For a full list of Viziers of Iran in the last 2000 years, see: "Iranian Viziers: From Bozorgmehr to Amir Kabir" (وزیران ایرانی از بزرگمهر تا امیر کبیر) by Abdolrafi' Haqiqat (عبدالرفیع حقیقت). Perry–Castañeda Library collection DS 271 F34 1995
  • Mohammad Taghi Bahar, Taarikh-e Mokhtasar-e Ahzaab-e Siaasi-e Iraan (A Short History of Political Parties of Iran), Amirkabir, 1978.
  • Encyclopædia Iranica's entries on "Ala-al-Saltana, Mohammad-Ali" and "Akbar Sepahdar-e Azam, Fathallah"
  • various articles in The Persian Encyclopedia
  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).