Prime Minister of Malaysia

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Prime Minister of Malaysia
Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
Ismail Sabri 2021 (cropped).png
Incumbent
Ismail Sabri Yaakob

since 21 August 2021
Government of Malaysia
Prime Minister's Department
StyleYang Amat Berhormat
(The Most Honourable)
Member ofCabinet
National Economic Council
House of Representatives
Reports toParliament
ResidenceSeri Perdana
SeatPerdana Putra, Putrajaya
Appointer
Perdana Menteri
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the lower house of Parliament with General Elections held no more than five years apart
Constituting instrumentFederal Constitution of Malaysia
Inaugural holderTunku Abdul Rahman
Formation31 August 1957; 64 years ago (1957-08-31)
SalaryMYR 22,826.65 monthly[1]
Websitewww.pmo.gov.my

The Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the head of government and the highest political office in Malaysia. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints Prime Minister as a Member of Parliament (MP). The Prime Minister chairs the Cabinet of Malaysia, the de facto executive branch of government.

List of prime ministers of Malaysia[change | change source]

Colour key (for political coalitions/parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional   Pakatan Harapan   Perikatan Nasional

Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)
Federal Constituency

Term of Office Coalition / Party Duration
Tunku abd rahman.jpg Tunku Abdul Rahman
تونكو عبدالرحمن

(1903–1990)
MLC for Sungei Muda, 1955–1959
MP for Kuala Kedah, 1959–1973

31 August 1957[note 1] 22 September 1970 Alliance Party (UMNO) 13 years, 22 days[note 2]
1955, 1959, 1964, 1969
First Malayan Five-Year Plan; Malayan Emergency; Second Malayan Five-Year Plan; National Education Policy; Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation; Malaysia Agreement; PAP–UMNO relations; Independence of Singapore Agreement 1965; 1966 Sarawak Emergency; First Malaysia Plan; Association of Southeast Asian Nations; Organisation of Islamic Cooperation; 13 May Incident. Served as Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Information and Broadcasting and Minister of Youth, Culture and Sports. He is often referred to as Father of Independence (Bapa Kemerdekaan) and Father of Malaysia (Bapa Malaysia).
Tun Abdul Razak (MY 2nd PM).jpg Abdul Razak Hussein
عبدالرزاق حسين

(1922–1976)
MLC for Semantan, 1955–1959
MP for Pekan, 1959–1976

(Died in office)

22 September 1970 14 January 1976 Alliance Party (UMNO) 5 years, 114 days
Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
1974
Razak Report; National Operations Council; 1971 constitutional amendments; Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality; National Culture Policy; National Energy Policy; National Petroleum Policy; Second Malaysia Plan; Malaysian New Economic Policy. The youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 48. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Rural Development, Minister of National and Rural Development, Minister of Lands and Mines, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister. He is referred to as Father of Development (Bapa Pembangunan).
Tun Hussein Onn (MY 3rd PM).jpg Hussein Onn
حسين عون‎

(1922–1990)
MP for Johore Bahru Timor, 1971–1974
MP for Sri Gading, 1974–1981

15 January 1976 16 July 1981 Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 5 years, 182 days
1978
Third Malaysia Plan; 1977 Kelantan Emergency; Malaysian Technical Corporation Plan; Fourth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Finance, Minister of Coordination of Public Corporations, Minister of Defence, Minister of Federal Territories and Deputy Prime Minister. He is referred to as Father of Unity (Bapa Perpaduan).
Mahathir Mohamad addressing the UN 2003.jpg Mahathir Mohamad
محضير محمد‎

(b. 1925)
MP for Kota Star Selatan, 1964–1969
MP for Kubang Pasu, 1974–2004

16 July 1981 30 October 2003 Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 22 years, 106 days
1982, 1986, 1990, 1995, 1999
Clean, Fair and Trustworthy; Look East Policy; Privatisation Policy; Malaysia Incorporated Policy; Buy British Last; Leadership by Example; 70 Million Population Policy; Heavy Industry Policy; Application of Islamic Values Policy; 1983 constitutional amendments; Fifth Malaysia Plan; 1986 Sabah Emergency; Operation Lalang; 1988 constitutional amendments; Vision 2020; Sixth Malaysia Plan; 1993 constitutional amendments; Seventh Malaysia Plan; Eighth Malaysia Plan. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Malaysia. He led the BN into 5 consecutive election victories. Served as Minister of Education, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister. He is referred to as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan).
Abdullah Badawi official 2009.jpg Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
عبدالله احمد بداوي‎

(b. 1939)
MP for Kepala Batas, 1978–2013

31 October 2003 3 April 2009 Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 5 years, 154 days
2004, 2008
Ninth Malaysia Plan. Served as Minister without Portfolio, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department, Minister of Education, Minister of Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance, Minister of Internal Security and Deputy Prime Minister. He is referred to as Father of Human Capital Development (Bapa Pembangunan Modal Insan).
Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Abdul Razak, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on January 26, 2018 (cropped).jpg Mohd Najib Abdul Razak
محمد نجيب عبدالرزاق‎

(b. 1953)
MP for Pekan, 1976–1982, since 1986

3 April 2009 9 May 2018 Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 9 years, 36 days
2013
1Malaysia; New Economic Model; Tenth Malaysia Plan; GST Act 2014; Eleventh Malaysia Plan; Transformasi Nasional 2050; 1MDB. Served as Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Defence, Minister of Education, Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister. He is referred to as Father of Transformation (Bapa Transformasi).
Mahathir Mohamad in 18th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement (cropped).jpg Mahathir Mohamad
محضير محمد‎

(b. 1925)
MP for Langkawi, since 2018

10 May 2018 24 February 2020 Pakatan Harapan (PPBM) 1 year, 290 days
2018
GST abolition; Vote 18; Shared Prosperity Vision 2030; 2019 Sabah and Sarawak's proposed constitution amendments; COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia; 2020 Malaysian political crisis. This is his second appointment as Prime Minister, 15 years after his retirement from politics. He was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003 and referred as Father of Modernisation (Bapa Pemodenan). He is the only person to hold the position for two opposing political parties. He is the oldest Prime Minister to be elected at the age of 92.
Muhyiddin Yassin (51087589446) (cropped).jpg Muhyiddin Yassin
محي الدين ياسين‎

(b. 1947)
MP for Pagoh, 1978–1986, since 1995

1 March 2020 16 August 2021 Perikatan Nasional (PPBM) 1 year, 168 days
-
COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia; 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis; 2020–21 Malaysian movement control order; 2021 Malaysia Emergency. Served as Menteri Besar of Johor, Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs, Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry, Minister of International Trade and Industry, Minister of Education, Minister of Home Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister.
Ismail Sabri 2021 (cropped).png Ismail Sabri Yaakob
إسماعيل صبري يعقوب

(b. 1960)
MP for Bera, since 2004

21 August 2021 Incumbent Barisan Nasional (UMNO) 32 days
-
COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia; 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis; 2020–21 Malaysian movement control order; 2021 Malaysia Emergency. Served as Minister of Youth and Sports, Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs, Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry, Minister of Rural and Regional Development, Minister of Defence and Deputy Prime Minister.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. He served as the Prime Minister of Malaya from 31 August 1957 until 16 September 1963.
  2. 6 years, 16 days as the Prime Minister of Malaya from 31 August 1957 until 16 September 1963.

References[change | change source]

  1. "CPPS Policy Factsheet: Remuneration of Elected Officials in Malaysia" (PDF). Centre for Public Policy Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.