Prime Minister of Myanmar

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Prime Minister of Myanmar
မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် ဝန်ကြီးချုပ်
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Мин Аун Хлайн в Татарстане 04 (25-06-2021) (cropped 3).jpg
Incumbent
Min Aung Hlaing

since 1 August 2021
ResidenceNaypyidaw
AppointerState Administration Council
Formation
  • 4 January 1948 (first time)
  • 1 August 2021 (second time)
First holderU Nu
Abolished30 March 2011 (first time)
DeputyDeputy Prime minister

The Prime Minister of Myanmar is the head of the government of Myanmar and the chief executive authority of the national government. The prime minister is also the commander in chief of the Armed Forces.

The office ended on 30 March 2011, according to the current Constitution of Myanmar (adopted in 2008). It said that the president is both the head of state and head of government. however, the military coup of 2021 put the Chairman of the State Administration Council into the highest position. He is the de facto head of government, and the president is now the nominal head of state.

The office was created again on 1 August 2021 with Min Aung Hlaing forming a caretaker government.[1]

Prime ministers / de facto heads of government of Burma/Myanmar (1948–present)[change | change source]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office

Union of Burma (1948–1974)[change | change source]

1 U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
ဦးနု
(1907–1995)
4 January 1948 12 June 1956
(resigned.)
8 years, 160 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
2 Ba Swe.jpg Ba Swe
ဘဆွေ
(1915–1987)
12 June 1956 1 March 1957 262 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(1) U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
ဦးနု
(1907–1995)
1 March 1957 29 October 1958[a] 2 years, 242 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
3 General Ne Win PM of Burma 1959.jpg Ne Win
နေဝင်း
(1911–2002)
29 October 1958 4 April 1960[b] 1 year, 158 days Military
(1) U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
ဦးနု
(1907–1995)
4 April 1960 2 March 1962
(deposed.)
1 year, 332 days Union Party
(3) General Ne Win PM of Burma 1959.jpg Ne Win
နေဝင်း
(1911–2002)
2 March 1962 4 March 1974 12 years, 2 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974–1988)[change | change source]

4 No image.svg Sein Win
စိန်ဝင်း
(1919–1993)
4 March 1974 29 March 1977[c] 3 years, 25 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
5 No image.svg Maung Maung Kha
မောင်မောင်ခ
(1920–1995)
29 March 1977 26 July 1988
(resigned.)
11 years, 119 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
6 No image.svg Tun Tin
ထွန်းတင်
(1920–2020)
26 July 1988 18 September 1988
(deposed.)
54 days Burma Socialist Programme Party

Union of Burma/Myanmar (1988–2011)[change | change source]

7 No image.svg Saw Maung
စောမောင်
(1928–1997)
21 September 1988 23 April 1992[d] 3 years, 215 days Military
8 Than Shwe 2010-10-11.jpg Than Shwe
သန်းရွှေ
(born 1933)
23 April 1992 25 August 2003 11 years, 124 days Military
9 KhinNyunt cropped.jpg Khin Nyunt
ခင်ညွန့်
(born 1939)
25 August 2003 18 October 2004[e] 1 year, 54 days Military
10 SoeWin cropped.jpg Soe Win
စိုးဝင်း
(1947–2007)
19 October 2004 12 October 2007
(died in office.[5])
2 years, 358 days Military
TheinSeinASEAN.jpg Thein Sein
သိန်းစိန်
(born 1944)
12 October 2007 30 March 2011 3 years, 169 days Military
(until 29 April 2010[6])
Union Solidarity and Development Party
(from 8 June 2010[6])
11

Republic of the Union of Myanmar (2011–present)[change | change source]

Position vacant (31 March 2011 – 5 April 2016)
12 Aung San Suu Kyi (December 2011).jpg Aung San Suu Kyi
အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည်
(born 1945)
6 April 2016 1 February 2021
(deposed.)
4 years, 301 days National League for Democracy
13 Мин Аун Хлайн в Татарстане 04 (25-06-2021) (cropped 3).jpg Min Aung Hlaing
မင်းအောင်လှိုင်
(born 1956)
1 February 2021 [f]
1 August 2021[7]
1 August 2021
Incumbent
1 year, 189 days Military

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Handed over power to the military.
  2. Handed back power to the civilian government after the 1960 general election.
  3. Removed from office due to the economic problems of the country.
  4. Resigned due to health reasons.[2][3]
  5. Removed from office and placed under house arrest.[4]
  6. During this interval, Min Aung Hlaing served as de facto head of government in his position of Chairman of the State Administration Council.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Myanmar Junta Forms Caretaker Government; Min Aung Hlaing is Prime Minister". VOA. 1 August 2021.
  2. Wheeler, Ned (28 July 1997). "Obituary: General Saw Maung". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 3 June 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  3. "Saw Maung Is Dead at 68; Led a Brutal Burmese Coup". The New York Times. 27 July 1997.
  4. "Burma's prime minister 'arrested'". BBC News. 19 October 2004.
  5. "Burma prime minister Soe Win dies". BBC News. 12 October 2007.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Wai Moe (5 May 2010). "Tight Censorship on Reporting USDP". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  7. "Myanmar forms caretaker government: State Administration Council".