Prince performing at the 2008 Coachella Festival
|Born||Prince Rogers Nelson
June 7, 1958
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
|Died||April 21, 2016
Chanhassen, Minnesota, U.S
|Cause of death||Accidental fentanyl and opioid intoxication|
|Body discovered||Chanhassen, Minnesota, U.S|
|Other names||Jamie Starr
The Artist Formerly Known As Prince
(m. 1996–1999, divorced)
(m. 2001–2006, divorced)
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, piano, keyboards, synthesizer, clavinet, drums, percussion, saxophone, harmonica, Linn Drum|
|Labels||Warner Bros., Paisley Park, NPG, EMI, Columbia, Arista|
|Associated acts||The Revolution; Wendy & Lisa
The New Power Generation
The Time; Morris Day
Vanity 6; Apollonia 6
He was known for blending erotic lyrics with funk rock and technology. He had ten platinum albums and thirty Top 40 singles during his career. His releases have sold over 80 million copies worldwide. From 1993 to 2000, Prince changed his name to a symbol looking something like this: O(+> . Since this symbol was impossible to pronounce, people began calling him "The Artist Formerly Known As Prince."
Prince has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He won seven Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and an Academy Award. Rolling Stone ranked Prince at number 27 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004. This was the first year he was eligible.
Early life[change | change source]
Prince was born Prince Rogers Nelson, on June 7, 1958 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. His father was John Lewis Nelson who was a Jazz singer-songwriter. His mother was Mattie Della Shaw. His family was from Louisiana. He had epilepsy when he was younger. His sister was Titka Evene. He played basketball when he was in high school.
Career[change | change source]
Prince released his first single, "Soft and Wet", in 1978. It reached number 92 in the Billboard 100. In 1979 "I Wanna Be Your Lover" was number one for two weeks in the American R&B singles chart.
Prince released his third album Dirty Mind in 1980. Rolling Stone gave the album four and a half stars.
In 1982 Prince released his fifth album 1999. "Little Red Corvette" was released as the second single. Prince had his first number one single, "When Doves Cry", in 1984. The single he released after that, "Let's Go Crazy", also reached number one. In 1985 Around the World in a Day was released. The album's first single "Raspberry Beret" reached number two in the Billboard 100. Prince's next number one "Kiss" was in 1986. It won the Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. "U Got the Look" was released in 1987. It reached number two in the Billboard 100.
In 2006 the second single from Prince's album 3121 entered the Billboard 100 at number 60. This was the highest number a Prince single had entered the chart at for years.
In 2014 it was reported that Prince would be signed to Warner Bros. again. Prince released a new single on April 19 called "The Breakdown".
In May 2015, following the death of Freddie Gray and the riots, Prince released a song entitled "Baltimore" in tribute to Gray and in support of the protesters in Baltimore. He also held a surprise tribute concert for Gray at his Paisley Park estate called 'Dance Rally 4 Peace' in which he asked fans to wear the color gray in honor of Freddie Gray.
In 2016, Prince announced that he was writing a memoir, titled The Beautiful Ones.
Personal life[change | change source]
Over the years Prince was romantically linked with many celebrities. These include Kim Basinger, Madonna, Vanity, Sheila E., Carmen Electra, Susanna Hoffs, Anna Fantastic, Sherilyn Fenn, and Susan Moonsie of Vanity 6 and Apollonia 6.
He married his backup singer and dancer, Mayte Garcia, on Valentine's Day, 1996. They had a son, Boy Gregory (born October 16, 1996). He was born with Pfeiffer syndrome and died a week after birth. Prince and Mayte divorced in 1999. In 2001, Prince married Manuela Testolini in a private ceremony. Testolini filed for divorce in May 2006. He has been in a relationship with Bria Valente since 2007.
Death[change | change source]
Prince postponed two performances from his Piano & A Microphone Tour on April 7, 2016, at the Fox Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia, stating that he was "battling the flu". He performed that Atlanta concert on Thursday, April 15, even though he had still not been feeling well. On April 15, 2016, while on tour, his private plane made an emergency landing in Moline, Illinois. He was later admitted to hospital with flu-like symptoms. Early reports said his health was fine.
Prince was found dead at his home in Paisley Park recording studio in Chanhassen, Minnesota, on April 21, 2016. He was aged 57. Six days before his death, Prince was treated for a drug overdose. He was treated for dehydration and walking pneumonia shortly before his death. His autopsy was performed the next day on April 22. Afterwards, his remains were cremated. Their location will be kept private. Toxicology tests showed that he died of an overdose of fentanyl, an opioid painkiller.
His works[change | change source]
- For You (1978)
- Prince (1979)
- Dirty Mind (1980)
- Controversy (1981)
- 1999 (1982)
- Purple Rain (1984)
- Around the World in a Day (1985)
- Parade (1986)
- Sign o' the Times (1987)
- Lovesexy (1988)
- Batman (1989)
- Graffiti Bridge (1990)
- Diamonds and Pearls (1991)
- (Love Symbol Album) (1992)
- Come (1994)
- The Black Album (1994)
- The Gold Experience (1995)
- Chaos and Disorder (1996)
- Emancipation (1996)
- Crystal Ball (1998)
- The Truth (1998)
- The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale (1999)
- Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic (1999)
- The Rainbow Children (2001)
- One Nite Alone... (2002)
- Xpectation (2003)
- N.E.W.S (2003)
- Musicology (2004)
- The Chocolate Invasion (2004)
- The Slaughterhouse (2004)
- 3121 (2006)
- Planet Earth (2007)
- Lotusflow3r (2009)
- MPLSound (2009)
- 20Ten (2010)
- Plectrumelectrum (2014)
- Art Official Age (2014)
- HITnRUN Phase One (2015)
- HITnRUN Phase Two (2015)
- Rave In2 the Joy Fantastic (2001)
The New Power Generation albums
|1984||Purple Rain||The Kid||Albert Magnoli|
|1986||Under the Cherry Moon||Christopher Tracy||Prince|
|1987||Sign o' the Times||Himself||Prince|
|1990||Graffiti Bridge||The Kid||Prince|
|1997||Muppets Tonight||Himself||Episode 11|
|2014||New Girl||Himself||Episode: "Prince"|
Awards and nominations[change | change source]
Academy Awards[change | change source]
|Year||Nominated work||Award category||Result|
|1985||"Purple Rain"||Best Original Song Score||Won|
Grammy Awards[change | change source]
|Year||Nominated work||Award category||Result|
|1984||"International Lover"||Best Male R&B Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|1985||Purple Rain||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Purple Rain||Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal||Won|
|Purple Rain||Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media||Won|
|"I Feel For You"||Best R&B Song||Won|
|1987||"Kiss"||Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal||Won|
|"Kiss"||Best R&B Song||Nominated|
|1988||Sign "O" the Times||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|"U Got The Look"||Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal||Nominated|
|"U Got The Look"||Best R&B Song||Nominated|
|1990||Batman||Best Male Pop Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|"Batdance"||Best Male R&B Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|1991||"Nothin' Compares 2 U"||Song of the Year||Nominated|
|1992||"Gett Off"||Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal||Nominated|
|1993||"Diamonds And Pearls"||Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal||Nominated|
|1995||"The Most Beautiful Girl In The World"||Best Male Pop Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|1996||"Eye Hate U"||Best Male R&B Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|The Gold Experience||Best R&B Album||Nominated|
|2004||N.E.W.S.||Best Pop Instrumental Album||Nominated|
|2005||"Cinnamon Girl"||Best Male Pop Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|"Call My Name"||Best Male R&B Vocal Performance||Won|
|"Call My Name"||Best R&B Song||Nominated|
|"Musicology"||Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance||Won|
|Musicology||Best R&B Album||Nominated|
|2007||"Black Sweat"||Best Male R&B Vocal Performance||Nominated|
|"Beautiful, Loved And Blessed"||Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal||Nominated|
|"3121"||Best Urban/Alternative Performance||Nominated|
|"Black Sweat"||Best R&B Song||Nominated|
|3121||Best R&B Album||Nominated|
|2008||"Future Baby Mama"||Best Male R&B Vocal Performance||Won|
|"The Song of the Heart"||Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media||Nominated|
|2010||"Dreamer"||Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance||Nominated|
MTV Video Music Awards[change | change source]
The MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs) is an award show by cable network MTV to honor the top music videos of the year. It was first held in September of 1984. It was to be an alternative to the Grammy Awards in the video category. Prince has won four awards from twelve nominations throughout his career.
|Year||Nominated work||Award category||Result|
|1985||"When Doves Cry"||Best Choreography in a Video||Nominated|
|1986||"Raspberry Beret"||Best Choreography in a Video||Won|
|1988||"U Got the Look"||Best Male Video||Won|
|Best Stage Performance in a Video||Won|
|Best Choreography in a Video||Nominated|
|Best Editing in a Video||Nominated|
|1989||"I Wish U Heaven"||Best Special Effects in a Video||Nominated|
|1990||"Batdance"||Best Video from a Film||Nominated|
|1992||"Cream"||Best Dance Video||Won|
|1993||"7"||Best R&B Video||Nominated|
|2004||"Musicology"||Best Male Video||Nominated|
|2006||"Black Sweat"||Best Cinematography in a Video||Nominated|
References[change | change source]
- History of Rock and Roll, Thomas Larsen, page 243. Google Books. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
- "Newspaper gives away Prince CDs". BBC news. 2007-07-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/6899478.stm. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- Misani (April 12, 2011). "Prince brings early Valentine's Day gift to NYC". New York Amsterdam News. http://amsterdamnews.com/news/2011/apr/12/prince-brings-early-valentines-day-gift-to-nyc/. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- "Grammy search database". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- "Golden Globe Awards". goldenglobes.org. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- "Nominees & Winners for the 57th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
- "Tavis Smiley". pbs.org. April 27, 2009.
- Thompson, Ahmir (March 24, 2004). "100 Greatest Artists". Rolling Stone.
- "Tavis Smiley". pbs.org. April 27, 2009.
- Ken Tucker (19 February 1981). "Prince Dirty Mind Album Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- "Prince releases surprise new single 'The Breakdown'". Philly.com. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- "Prince records tribute to Baltimore and Freddie Gray". Guardian. May 1, 2015.
- "Prince to release song dedicated to Baltimore". Baltimore Sun. May 2, 2015.
- Steve Forrest; Ben Brumfield (May 1, 2015). "CNN Exclusive: Prince records ode to Baltimore after Freddie Gray protests". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/04/30/us/baltimore-prince-song-freddie-gray/.
- Alex Young (May 4, 2015). "Prince holds dance party in tribute to Freddie Gray". Consequence of Sound.
- "Prince's Album 'HITNRUN' no Longer a Tidal Exclusive, Technically". Music Times. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- "Prince confirms he is writing memoir". BBC News. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Daly, Steven (December 1990). "Sherilyn Fenn – Is she the sexiest woman on television?". The Face.
- Elan, Priya (September 20, 2008). "Purple Reign". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2008/sep/20/1.
- Kennedy, Dana; Sinclair, Tom (December 20, 1996). "Prince's Saddest Song". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,295564,00.html.
- Levy, Daniel S. (July 27, 2006). "Prince's Wife, Manuela (Partner of five years), Filed for Divorce". People.
- Willis, Peter (May 7, 2010). "Prince- World Exclusive Interview: Peter Willis Goes Inside The Star's Secret World". The Daily Mirror. http://www.mirror.co.uk/celebs/news/2010/07/05/prince-world-exclusive-interview-peter-willis-goes-inside-the-star-s-secret-world-115875-22382552/.
- Hoffman, Claire (November 24, 2008). "Soup With Prince". The New Yorker (New York). http://www.newyorker.com/talk/2008/11/24/081124ta_talk_hoffman#ixzz0WgnOe2m.
- Radford, Chad (April 7, 2016). "Prince has postponed both of tonight's shows". Creative Loafing. http://clatl.com/cribnotes/archives/2016/04/07/prince-has-postponed-both-of-tonights-shows. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Horgen, Tom (April 16, 2016). "'All's good' with Prince, back in Chanhassen after emergency landing". Minneapolis Star Tribune. http://www.startribune.com/tmz-says-prince-hospitalized-in-illinois/375900161/. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Bream, Jon (April 17, 2016). "April 17, 2016: Prince offers a little speech and even less piano at Paisley to prove he's fine". Minneapolis Star Tribune. http://www.startribune.com/prince-offers-a-little-speech-and-even-less-piano-at-paisley-to-prove-he-s-fine/375981801/. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- "Music legend Prince found dead at 57 at Paisley Park". Minneapolis Star Tribune. April 21, 2016. http://www.startribune.com/authorities-investigating-death-at-prince-s-paisley-park/376578441/. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Coscarelli, Joe (April 21, 2016). "Prince Is Dead at 57". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- "Prince Dead at 57". TMZ.com. April 21, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Tobias Salinger (21 April 2016). "Prince was treated for drug overdose six days before death, report says". New York Daily News. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- Grinberg, Emanuella (24 April 2016). "Prince death: What we know". CNN. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. http://www.cnn.com/2016/04/23/entertainment/prince-dead-latest/. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
Other websites[change | change source]
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