Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Military career
Prince William
Duke of Cambridge (more)
Photo of Prince William aged 39
The Duke of Cambridge in 2021
BornPrince William of Wales
(1982-06-21) 21 June 1982 (age 39)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England, UK
Spouse
Issue
Full name
William Arthur Philip Louis[fn 1]
HouseWindsor
FatherCharles, Prince of Wales
MotherLady Diana Spencer
Education
Service/branch British Armed Forces
Years of service2006–2013
(active service)
RankSee list
UnitBlues and Royals
HMS Iron Duke
RAF Search and Rescue Force

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, KG, KT, PC, ADC (William Arthur Philip Louis; 21 June 1982) is a member of the British royal family. He is the oldest son of Charles, Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales. He grandson of Queen Elizabeth, II, and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He is second in line to the British throne. He married Catherine Middleton, now Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, on 29 April 2011.[3] Before his wedding, Prince William was made Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus.[4][5]

Early life[change | change source]

Prince William was born at St Mary's Hospital in London, His father is Charles, Prince of Wales and his mother was Diana, Princess of Wales. He is the third grandchild of the reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. His mother, Diana, tried to shield Prince William and his younger brother, Prince Harry of Wales, from the media.

Education[change | change source]

Prince William began learning at independent schools then Jane Mynors' nursery school and the pre-preparatory Wetherby School, both in London. Following this, he went to Ludgrove School, and, after passing the entrance exams, he went to Eton College, where he learnt geography, biology, and art history at A-Level.

At Eton, he took part in many sports including Football, basketball, and water polo. He then took a year away from education (a 'gap year') before going to the University of St Andrews. He graduated in 2004, with a degree in geography.

Military[change | change source]

William graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 15 December 2006; the graduation parade was attended by the Queen and the Prince of Wales, along with other members of the Royal Family, and William officially received his commission as a lieutenant.

With his rank obtained, the Prince, using the name of William Wales, followed his younger brother[6] into the Blues and Royals as a troop commander in an armoured reconnaissance unit, after which he spent four months in training for the post at Bovington Camp, Dorset. He also learned to fly, and became a RAF Search and Rescue pilot.

Marriage to Kate Middleton[change | change source]

On 16 November 2010, it was announced by Clarence House that William and Catherine Middleton were to marry. Catherine Middleton was a commoner (not royalty). The couple had met at University of St Andrews. Their engagement began on 16 November 2010. The wedding took place on 29 April 2011 in Westminster Abbey, London. That day was made a bank holiday in the UK. After the wedding, William and Catherine became known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.[7]

Children[change | change source]

On 22 July 2013, Catherine gave birth to a baby boy. On 24 July, it was announced that the baby would be called Prince George of Cambridge, with the full given name George Alexander Louis.

A daughter, Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, was born to William and Catherine on 2 May 2015. She was given the full name of Charlotte Elizabeth Diana.

On 23 April 2018, a second son was born to William and Catherine. The baby was given the full name of Louis Arthur Charles.

Royal duties[change | change source]

Prince William has done many public duties for his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, and his father, the Prince of Wales.

Future[change | change source]

The Duke of Cambridge is second in line to the throne. Through his mother's line he is descended from numerous dukes. He is also a descendant of Charles II of England and James II of England. If he becomes King, he will be the first monarch descended from Charles I of England since Queen Anne. He is also related to King Henry IV of England. Sir Winston Churchill is also distantly related to William.

The Duke of Cambridge's Grandmother Elizabeth II

Ancestors[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Lichfield, John (19 September 2012). "William and Kate win legal battle – but lose war to keep topless photos under wraps". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  2. "Duke of Cambridge to deploy to Falklands". Ministry of Defence. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  3. "Crowds cheer newly-wed couple". BBC News. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  4. "Titles announced for Prince William and Catherine Middleton". Buckingham Palace. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  5. "Kate and William become Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". BBC News. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  6. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/5367862.stm William
  7. The Independent, 29 April 2011

Notes

  1. As a member of the Royal Family entitled to be called His Royal Highness, William does not normally use a surname. He has used both Mountbatten-Windsor,[1] and – at university and in his military career – Wales.[2] According to letters patent of February 1960, his house and family name is Windsor. The middle name Louis is pronounced /ˈli/.