Princess Alice of the United Kingdom

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Princess Alice
Princess Alice in court dress cropped.jpg
Princess Alice in court dress
Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
Tenure13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878
Born(1843-04-25)25 April 1843
Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom
Died14 December 1878(1878-12-14) (aged 35)
New Palace, Darmstadt, Hesse, German Empire
SpouseLouis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse
(m. 1862–78; her death)
IssueVictoria, Marchioness of Milford Haven
Elisabeth, Grand Duchess of Russia
Irene, Princess Henry of Prussia
Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
Prince Friedrich of Hesse
Alix, Empress of Russia
Princess Marie of Hesse
Full name
Alice Maud Mary
HouseHouse of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
FatherAlbert, Prince Consort
MotherQueen Victoria

The Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary: Princess Louis and Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878) was the second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. In 1861, she acted as the nurse to her dying father, and became interested in nursing.

In 1862, she married Prince Louis of Hesse and moved to Hesse, where she had several children including Princess Elisabeth of Hesse, Alice Romanov Chaytow and Alexandra, future Russian Empress and wife of Tsar Nicholas II.

After an unhappy marriage and a number of family deaths, the royal family of Hesse caught diphtheria. Alice's younger son died, and after kissing the elder one, she caught the disease and died on the anniversary of her father's death, 14 December 1878. She is buried in Hesse.

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 25 April 1843 – 1 July 1862: Her Royal Highness The Princess Alice
  • 1 July 1862 – 13 June 1877: Her Royal Highness Princess Louis of Hesse and by Rhine
  • 13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine

References[change | change source]

  • Packard, Jerrold M. (1998). Victoria's Daughters. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-24496-7.
  • Pakula, Hannah (1995). An Uncommon Woman: The Empress Frederick. London: Phoenix Press. ISBN 1-84212-623-7.
  • Van der Kiste, John (1986). Queen Victoria's Children. Gloucestershire, England: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-3476-X.

Other websites[change | change source]

  • K. D. Reynolds, ‘Alice, Princess (1843–1878)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2007 accessed 27 Nov 2008