Princess of Xiaohe

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The Princess of Xiaohe (Chinese: 小河公主) was unearthed and named by the archaeologists of Xinjiang Institute of Archaeology at Xiaohe Cemetery Tomb M11, 102 km west of Loulan, Nop Nur, Xinjiang in 2003. She is different from the female mummy discovered in 1934 described below. She has flaxen hair and long eyelashes and was wrapped in a white wool cloak with tassels and wore a felt hat, string skirt, and fur-lined leather boots. She was buried with wooden pins and three small pouches of ephedra and twigs and branches of ephedra were placed beside the body. She is not permanently exhibited in any museum. In 2010, she was exhibited at Bowers Museum in Santa Ana, California, Houston Museum of Natural Science and University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. In 2019, she was exhibited at Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology at Peking University.[1]

Xiaohe mummy (not Xiaohe Princess) exhibited in Xinjiang Museum

The previously called Princess of Xiaohe (Chinese: 小河公主), also known as the Beauty of Xiaohe (小河美女), is a different female mummy discovered in 1934 by Swedish archaeologist Folke Bergman, at Xiaohe Tomb (小河墓地; literally "Little River Tomb"), Luobu Po (罗布泊), Ruoqiang County (若羌县), Xinjiang. Because of its beauty, this mummy was also nicknamed Marlene Dietrich of the Desert[2] and Sophia Loren of Xiaohe.

The mummy was discovered in the Tarim Basin,[3] 60 km south of the river Konqi He (孔雀河) at the coordinates 40°20′10.74″N 88°40′20.24″E / 40.3363167°N 88.6722889°E / 40.3363167; 88.6722889.

Estimated to have lived between 1900 BC and 1613 BC, the mummy was between 20 and 40 years old when she died, and stands out among other mummies found nearby for her Indo-European features. The mummy's hair,[4] teeth and eyelashes are well preserved; its face has a sharp nose and deep eyes.

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References[change | change source]

  1. 作者:倪伟 浦峰 编辑:白爽 (2019-10-31). ""小河公主"领衔新疆文物进京,北大博物馆年度大展启幕". 新京报. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  2. Riggs, Ransom (13 April 2010). "Meet the World's Horniest Mummies". Mental Floss. Retrieved 30 May 2020.[permanent dead link]
  3. PA (4 February 2011). "The Beauty of Xiaohe mummy". Times of Malta. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  4. "4,000-year-old mummy strikes US-China tension". The Korea Times. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2020.

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