Temporal range: Pleistocene
|Artist's impression of Procoptodon goliah|
P. goliah was the largest kangaroo known to have existed. It stood about 2 m (6.6 ft) tall. They weighed about 200–240 kg (440–530 lb). Other members of the genus were smaller. Procoptodon gilli was the smallest of the genus, only about 1 m (3 ft 3 in) tall.
They were browsers, not grazers like kangaroos today. They ate leaves from trees and shrubs. Their weight makes it likely that they did not hop as their relatives do today. A combination of climate change (cooling and shrinking of forest areas) would have reduced their natural habitat. Predation (hunting) by aboriginal humans probably happened.
References[change | change source]
- Haaramo, M. (2004-12-20). "Mikko's Phylogeny Archive: Macropodidae - kenguroos". Archived from the original on 2007-03-31. Retrieved 2007-03-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Procoptodon goliah". Australian Museum. Retrieved 2012-03-22. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Janis CM; Buttrill K. & Figueirido B. 2014. Locomotion in extinct giant kangaroos: were sthenurines hop-less monsters?". PLoS ONE. 9 (10): e109888. 
- Prideaux G.J. et al 2009. Extinction implications of a chenopod browse diet for a giant Pleistocene kangaroo. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (28): 11646–11650. doi:10.1073/pnas.0900956106. 
- Field, Judith and Wroe, Stephen. 2012.Aridity, faunal adaptations and Australian late Pleistocene extinctions[permanent dead link]. World Archaeology. '44,' 1, p 56–74.