Puerto Plata Province
|- elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|Area||1,852.90 km² (715 sq mi)|
|Population||321,597 (2010) |
|Density||174 /km² (451 /sq mi)|
12 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
Location[change | change source]
Puerto Plata province is along the northern coast of the island. To the north, it has the Atlantic Ocean; to the east, Espaillat; to the south, Santiago and Valverde provinces; and to the west, Monte Cristi province.
Origin of name[change | change source]
The province is named after its capital city, Puerto Plata. When Christopher Columbus visited the northern coast of the Hispaniola island for the first time, on 11 January 1493 he saw a mountain with clouds on its top and he gave it the name of Monte de Plata (in English, Mountain of Silver). The town that was founded on the foot of that mountain was called Puerto de Plata (in English, Port of Silver); the name was changed later to just Puerto Plata.
History[change | change source]
In 1605, the town of Puerto Plata along with Monte Cristi, Bayajá and La Yaguana was destroyed by the governor, Antonio de Osorio. All of it's citizens were forced to move to a town closer to the capital due to the amount of illegal trade happening in these towns. These towns formed what is now known as Monte Plata and Bayaguana.
It was created as a Maritime District (a special administrative category similar to a province and that has been abandoned) in 1865. The 1907 Dominican Constitution changed its status to province. It was part of Santiago province before being elevated to the category of province.
Municipalities[change | change source]
Puerto Plata province has a total area of 1,852.90 km2. It has 3.8% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 10th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.
- Puerto Plata, head municipality of the province
- Río Grande (M.D.)
- Los Hidalgos
- Cerro de Navas (M.D.)
- Villa Isabela
- Villa Montellano
Population[change | change source]
Its population represents 3.4% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 6th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
Geography[change | change source]
The Cordillera Septentrional (in English, "Northern mountain range") runs along the southern half of the province. Another mountain range is Sierra Atravesada that goes from the Cordillera Septentrional to the coast. The mountain "Isabel de Torres" (the "Monte de Plata" of Columbus) is close to the city of Puerto Plata.
Because the Cordillera Septentrional is close to the coast, rivers in this province are short. The most important rivers are Bajabonico, Yásica and Camú del Norte.
Economy[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- Columbus, Christopher; de las Casas, Bartolomé, Dunn, O.C., and Kelley, James E. (1989). The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
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