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Puncak Jaya

Coordinates: 04°04′44″S 137°9′30″E / 4.07889°S 137.15833°E / -4.07889; 137.15833
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Puncak Jaya
Carstensz Pyramid
Peak of Puncak Jaya
Highest point
Elevation4,884 metres (16,024 ft)[1]
Prominence4,884 m (16,024 ft)
Ranked 9th
Isolation5,262 km (3,270 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
ListingSeven Summits
Country high point
Coordinates04°04′44″S 137°9′30″E / 4.07889°S 137.15833°E / -4.07889; 137.15833
PronunciationMalay: [ˈpuntʃaʔ ˈdʒaja]
Puncak Jaya is located in Papua
Puncak Jaya
Puncak Jaya
Papua Province, Indonesia
Parent rangeSudirman Range
First ascent1962 by Harrer, Temple, Kippax and Huizenga
Easiest routerock/snow/ice climb

Puncak Jaya is a 4,884 metres (16,024 ft) mountain in New Guinea.[2] It the highest mountain in Oceania.[3] It is also called the Carstensz Pyramid.

The mountain was first named the Carstensz Pyramid, after Jan Carstenszoon. He was a Dutch explorer who saw the glaciers on it in 1623.[4][5] Then in 1963 the name was changed to Sukarno Peak by Indonesia, and then later to Puncak Jaya.[6]

Puncak Jaya is thought of by some as the hardest to climb of the Seven Summits.[7] The first people to reach the top were Heinrich Harrer, Philip Temple, Russell Kippax, and Albertus Huizenga, in 1962.[8] An earlier group were first thought to reach the top in 1936. However, at the time it was not known which summit was the highest. They were able to climb two peaks but not what is now known to be the highest one.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. The elevation given here was determined by the 1971–73 Australian Universities' Expedition Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine and is supported by the Seven Summits authorities and modern high resolution radar data. An older but still often quoted elevation of 5,030 metres (16,503 ft) is obsolete.
  2. "Carstensz Pyramid, Indonesia". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  3. "Puncak Jaya". Peakware.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  4. Neill, Wilfred T. (1973). Twentieth-Century Indonesia. Columbia University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-231-08316-4.
  5. "Puncak Jaya". National Geographic Society. 20 September 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. Parfet, Bo; Buskin, Richard (2009). Die Trying: One Man's Quest to Conquer the Seven Summits. New York, N.Y.: American Management Association. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-8144-1084-4.
  7. "Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya)". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  8. "Some Facts About Carstensz Pyramid (Puncak Jaya) – Highest Peak of The Oceania". Archived from the original on 24 September 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  9. Bencheghib, Sam (1 June 2014). Requiem for a Mountain. p. 110. ISBN 9781291892659. Retrieved 20 November 2019.