Qashqai people

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Qashqai
Qashqay, Kashkai, Kashkay, Qashqayi
قشقايی, Qašqāyī
Qashqai Turkish nomad with baby.jpg
Qashqai Turkish nomad in a camp
Native toIran
RegionFars, Isfahan, Bushehr, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan
EthnicityQashqai
Native speakers
1.6–2.5 million (2015)[1][2]
Turkic
Persian alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3qxq
Glottologqash1240
LinguaspherePart of 44-AAB-a
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Qashqai (قشقایی, also spelled Qaşqay, Qashqayi, Kashkai, Kashkay, Qašqāʾī[3][4] and Qashqa'i or Kaşkay) is an Oghuz Turkic group of people living mainly in the Fars Province of Southern Iran.

Language[change | change source]

Their language is regarded as an independent third group of dialects within the Southwestern Turkic language group by the Encyclopædia Iranica.[5] It is known to speakers as Turki.[6] Estimates of the number of Qashqai speakers vary between 1.6–2.5 million.[1][2]

Origin[change | change source]

The Qashqai are thought to trace its origins to the Bronze Age tribe Kashka/Kaska (also Kaška or Kaskian) of the Ancient Near East.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Victoria R. Williams: Indigenous Peoples: An Encyclopedia of Culture, History, and Threats to Survival. 4 Bände. ABC-CLIO, 2020, p. 895.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Muhittin Çelik, Hüseyin Gökçe (2021): Kaşkayların Türk Kültürü İçerisindeki Yeri [The Position of Qashqais in Turkish Culture], Journal of Oghuz Turkish Studies, doi:10.52817/oguztad.980646
  3. Qašqāʾī Tribal Confederacy II: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Michael Knüppel
  4. Azeri Turkish at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Gerhard Doerfer
  5. Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy II: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica
  6. Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy II: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica
  7. H.M. Hubey: "A Story of Life & Death and Love & War", in: Studia Turkologia, Воронежский Тюркологический сворник [Voronezh Türkological Symposium], Voronezh, 2008. - Vol.7-8. page 57.