Qashqai people

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Qashqay, Kashkai, Kashkay, Qashqayi
قشقايی, Qašqāyī
Qashqai Turkish nomad in a camp
Native toIran
RegionFars, Isfahan, Bushehr, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Khuzestan
Native speakers
1.6–2.5 million (2015)[1][2]
Persian alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3qxq
LinguaspherePart of 44-AAB-a
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Qashqai (قشقایی, also spelled Qaşqay, Qashqayi, Kashkai, Kashkay, Qašqāʾī[3][4] and Qashqa'i or Kaşkay) is an Oghuz Turkic group of people living mainly in the Fars Province of Southern Iran.

Language[change | change source]

Their language is regarded as an independent third group of dialects within the Southwestern Turkic language group by the Encyclopædia Iranica.[5] It is known to speakers as Turki.[6] Estimates of the number of Qashqai speakers vary between 1.6–2.5 million.[1][2]

Origin[change | change source]

The Qashqai are thought to trace its origins to the Bronze Age tribe Kashka/Kaska (also Kaška or Kaskian) of the Ancient Near East.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Victoria R. Williams: Indigenous Peoples: An Encyclopedia of Culture, History, and Threats to Survival. 4 Bände. ABC-CLIO, 2020, p. 895.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Muhittin Çelik, Hüseyin Gökçe (2021): Kaşkayların Türk Kültürü İçerisindeki Yeri [The Position of Qashqais in Turkish Culture], Journal of Oghuz Turkish Studies, doi:10.52817/oguztad.980646
  3. Qašqāʾī Tribal Confederacy II: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Michael Knüppel
  4. Azeri Turkish at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Gerhard Doerfer
  5. Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy II: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica
  6. Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy II: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica
  7. H.M. Hubey: "A Story of Life & Death and Love & War", in: Studia Turkologia, Воронежский Тюркологический сворник [Voronezh Türkological Symposium], Voronezh, 2008. - Vol.7-8. page 57.