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Temporal range: Upper Cretaceous, 72–66 mya
Scientific classification
Type species
Qianzhousaurus sinensis
et al., 2014

Qianzhousaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaurs. So far only one species has been named: the type species Qianzhousaurus sinensis.[1] Nicknamed 'Pinocchio rex' for its long snout in comparison to other known tyrannosaurs, it was discovered in southern China and first published in the journal Nature Communications in May 2014.[2]

Apart from its signature snout, it also had long, narrow teeth, while T. rex had thick teeth and powerful, deep-set jaws. This suggest its feeding method and probably its life-style were quite different from Tyrannosaurus. The thinner teeth and lighter skeleton of Qianzhousaurus suggest it hunted smaller creatures, such as lizards and feathered dinosaurs.[3][4]

The bones were discovered by workmen at a construction site near the city of Ganzhou, who then took them to a local museum.[4]

The discovery of Qianzhousaurus, and Alioramus from Mongolia, shows that the long-snouted tyrannosaurids were widespread in Asia. Although we are only starting to learn about them, they were apparently one of the main groups of predatory dinosaurs in Asia.[5] Their existence was previously suspected because of various scattered fossil finds. An expert says the find "tells us pretty unequivocally that these long-snouted tyrannosaurs were a real thing. They were a different breed, living right to the end of the age of dinosaurs".[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Junchang Lü et al 2014. A new clade of Asian late Cretaceous long-snouted tyrannosaurids. Nature Communications 5, Article number: 3788 doi:10.1038/ncomms4788
  2. "Pinocchio rex dinosaur found in China adds to tyrannosaur family - CBC News". CBC. May 7, 2014 [last update 10:41 AM ET].
  3. Morgan, James. New Tyrannosaur named 'Pinocchio rex'. BBC News Science & Environment. [1]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Long-nosed 'Pinocchio rex' dinosaur discovered by scientists. Daily Telegraph, London. [2]
  5. "Qianzhousaurus sinensis: Long-Snouted Tyrannosaur Discovered in China - Paleontology - Sci-News.com". Breaking Science News - Sci-News.com.
  6. Howard, Jacqueline (7 May 2014). "'Pinocchio Rex' Dinosaur Unearthed In China Confirms Theory About Tyrannosaurs" – via Huff Post.