Queen Victoria (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 until 1901; her reign lasted 63 years and she was the longest reigning monarch until 2016, when Queen Elizabeth II surpassed her. She was born in London to a German princess and English prince in 1819. She became queen at the age of 18, on the death of her uncle, William IV.
She was educated by her governess, Louise Lehzen and the Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well.
Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert in 1840, who encouraged science, trade and art. They had nine children, and made it clear they believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example. In 1851, the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace was opened. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition featured the achievements of British people in the Victorian era.
Queen Victoria had many houses around the country including Osborne House in the Isle of Wight; Sandringham House in Norfolk; Buckingham Palace in London; Balmoral Castle in Scotland and Windsor Castle.
In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria began to keep away from public life; this made her less popular. During the years that followed, Britain became more powerful, and in 1877, Victoria was given the title "Empress of India". She became more popular with her people. In 1897, she had her Diamond Jubilee to celebrate 60 years of being on the throne.
Many of Victoria's children became monarchs, princes and princesses of other countries. Queen Victoria was always very interested in India, although she never went there. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, sketching, horse riding and singing; she was given lessons as a child by the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano. She kept a regular diary throughout her life.
Children[change | change source]
|The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal||21 November 1840||5 August 1901||Married 1858, Friedrich III, German Emperor and King of Prussia; had children.|
|King Edward VII||9 November 1841||6 May 1910||Married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark; had children.|
|The Princess Alice||25 April 1843||14 December 1878||Married 1862, Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine; had children.|
|The Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh||6 August 1844||31 July 1900||Married 1874, Grand Duchess Marie Alexandrovna of Russia; had children.|
|The Princess Helena||25 May 1846||9 June 1923||Married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg; had children.|
|The Princess Louise||18 March 1848||3 December 1939||Married 1871, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll; no children.|
|The Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn||1 May 1850||16 January 1942||Married 1879, Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia; had children.|
|The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany||7 April 1853||28 March 1884||Married 1882, Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont; had children.|
|The Princess Beatrice||14 April 1857||26 October 1944||Married 1885, Prince Henry of Battenberg; had children|
Ancestors[change | change source]
|Victoria of the United Kingdom||Father:
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
George III of the United Kingdom
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Princess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach
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References[change | change source]
- Arnstein, Walter L. "Victoria, Queen of Great Britain." Europe 1789-1914, Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry & Empire. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 10 June 2014.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Queen Victoria Citizendium