From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A radiator is a device used to move heat from one location to another location. Some radiators are used to cool things, such as a car engine. Some radiators are used to heat things, such as a house.

History[change | change source]

The Roman hypocaust is an early example of a type of radiator for building space heating. Franz San Galli, a Prussian-born Russian businessman living in St. Petersburg, is credited with inventing the heating radiator around 1855,[1][2] having received a radiator patent in 1857, but American Joseph Nason developed a primitive radiator in 1841[3] and received a number of U.S. patents for hot water and steam heating.[4]

Cooling[change | change source]

A radiator used to cool a car.

Most cars use a radiator to cool the engine. To produce power, engines must burn a fuel. This creates a lot of heat. If the heat is not removed, the engine will overheat and stop running. The radiator is connected to the engine with hoses.

A liquid flows into the engine. Heat is moved from the engine to the liquid. The heat moves because of Newton's Law of Cooling. This law says that heat will move from something hot to something cooler.

The liquid then moved into the radiator. The radiator has many small tubes for the liquid to flow through. Air moves around to the tubes to cool them. This cools the liquid. The liquid then return to the engine. This is a closed loop.

Indoor heating[change | change source]

A steam radiator used to heat a house

Many houses are located in areas that get cold. Heat needs to be added to the house so the people are comfortable. A radiator is placed in a room to add heat to the room. The heat is created by a furnace. A heating radiator works just like a cooling radiator. The heat from the furnace moves to the radiator. The room is cooler than the radiator. The heat moves from the radiator into the room to warm the room.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Family Sangalli / San Galli". Gruner-fam.de. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  2. "The hot boxes of San Galli" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2010-02-07.
  3. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Radiator".