Raleigh, North Carolina

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Raleigh, North Carolina
State capital and city
City of Raleigh
Clockwise from top left: NCSU bell tower, the North Carolina State Capitol, houses in Boylan Heights, houses in Historic Oakwood, statue of Sir Walter Raleigh, skyline of the downtown, Fayetteville Street, and the warehouse district
Clockwise from top left: NCSU bell tower, the North Carolina State Capitol, houses in Boylan Heights, houses in Historic Oakwood, statue of Sir Walter Raleigh, skyline of the downtown, Fayetteville Street, and the warehouse district
Flag of Raleigh, North Carolina
Flag
Official seal of Raleigh, North Carolina
Seal
Nickname(s): "City of Oaks”
Location in Wake County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Wake County and the state of North Carolina.
Raleigh, North Carolina is located in North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina is located in the US
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina (the US)
Raleigh, North Carolina is located in North America
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina (North America)
Coordinates: 35°46′N 78°38′W / 35.767°N 78.633°W / 35.767; -78.633Coordinates: 35°46′N 78°38′W / 35.767°N 78.633°W / 35.767; -78.633[1]
Country  United States
State  North Carolina
Counties Wake, Durham
Chartered December 31, 1792
Named for Sir Walter Raleigh
Government[2]
 • Type Council–Manager
 • Mayor Nancy McFarlane (I)
 • Council
Area
 • State capital and city 144.8 sq mi (375 km2)
 • Land 142.8 sq mi (369 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
Elevation 315 ft (96 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • State capital and city 403,892
 • Estimate (2017) 464,758
 • Density 3,284/sq mi (1,268/km2)
 • Urban 1,012,994
 • MSA 1,337,331 (44th)
 • CSA 2,201,103(29th)
Demonym(s) Raleighite
Time zone EST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−04:00)
ZIP code(s) 27511, 27518, 27529, 27545, 27560, 27587, 27591, 27601, 27603, 27604, 27605, 27606, 27607, 27608, 27609, 27610, 27612, 27613, 27614, 27615, 27616, 27617, 27703
Area code(s) 919, 984
FIPS code 37-55000[4]
GNIS feature ID 1024242[1]
Major airport RDU
Interstate Highways I-40, I-87, I-440, I-540
Other major highways US 1, US 64, US 70, US 401, NC 50, NC 540
Website raleighnc.gov

Raleigh (pronounced /ˈrɔːli/, RALL-lee[5]) is the capital and the second largest city in the state of North Carolina as well as the county seat of Wake County. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many oak trees.[6] The area is also nicknamed "The Triangle".

Raleigh is part of the Research Triangle area, together with Durham and Chapel Hill. The "Triangle" nickname began after the 1959 plan and construction of the Research Triangle Park, in Durham and Wake Counties. It is in the middle of the three cities and their universities.

The Research Triangle area makes up the U.S. Census Bureau's Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA). It had an estimated population of 2,037,430 in 2013.[7]

History[change | change source]

Fayetteville Street during the 1910s. The North Carolina State Capitol can be seen in the background

Raleigh was started in 1770. In 1788, it became North Carolina's state capital. The first state fair happened in 1853 and has kept on happening. Raleigh was not hurt by the Civil War. It did not grow much after the Civil War.

In the early 1900s, Raleigh had streetcars, but they got rid of them later. Raleigh got its first TV station in 1956. In 1959, the Research Triangle Park was built. This caused people to move to the area for the jobs. In the late 1900s, Interstate 40 and Interstate 440 (freeways)were built, helping traffic. Since the late 1900s, Raleigh has grown quickly.

On November 28, 1988, Raleigh was hit by a F4 tornado. The tornado formed after a very warm late November day. WRAL-TV News Bill Schmidt tracked a line of thunderstorms west of the city. The National Weather Service (NWS) issued no watches or warnings that night. They believed the conditions had not support the right for a tornado. 4 people were killed, including 2 children and a couple in Nash County, and 150 were injured.

Geography[change | change source]

Raleigh is in north-central North Carolina. It is in a hilly area.

Climate[change | change source]

Raleigh has a mild climate. The summers are hot, with an average high of about 90 °F (32 °C). The winters are cool, with an average high of about 50 °F (10 °C). It snows about twice a year with a total of six inches (15 centimeters). Raleigh also gets around 45 inches of rain.

Transportation[change | change source]

Raleigh has a lot of good transportation. Some freeways are Interstate 40, I-440, and I-540. Some highways are U.S. Route 1, 64, and 70, and N.C. highway 50. Raleigh also has a Amtrak station and a big airport.

Other things[change | change source]

Raleigh has a lot of museums. North Carolina State University is also in Raleigh.

Raleigh is pretty rich, but there are some poor areas.[8] The region also has a lot of suburban developments, but there are some crowded areas.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Raleigh". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. "City Council: Raleigh's Governing Body". City of Raleigh. May 6, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2016. 
  3. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  5. Wells, John C. (2009). "Ralegh, Raleigh". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN 9781405881180. 
  6. "Population & Census Information". City of Raleigh. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  7. "Population Estimates 2013 Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2014. 
  8. http://www.city-data.com/city/Raleigh-North-Carolina.html

Other websites[change | change source]