Raleigh, North Carolina

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State Capital
City of Raleigh
Downtown Raleigh
Downtown Raleigh
Flag of Raleigh
Official seal of Raleigh
Nickname(s): "City of Oaks"
Map of Wake County, North Carolina
Map of Wake County, North Carolina
Country United States of America
State North Carolina
Counties Wake, Durham
Founded 1792
 • Mayor Nancy McFarlane (D)
 • Total 144.8 sq mi (375 km2)
 • Land 142.8 sq mi (369 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
Elevation 315 ft (96 m)
Population (Census 2010)[1][2]
 • Total 403,892 (43rd)
 • Density 2,826.3/sq mi (1,097.17/km2)
 • MSA 1,130,490
 • CSA 1,749,525
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 919, 984
FIPS code 37-55000[3]
GNIS feature ID 1024242[4]
Website www.raleighnc.gov

Raleigh (pronounced /ˈrɔːli/, RALL-lee[5]) is the capital and the second largest city in the state of North Carolina as well as the county seat of Wake County. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many oak trees.[6] The area is also nicknamed "The Triangle".

Raleigh is part of the Research Triangle area, together with Durham and Chapel Hill. The "Triangle" nickname began after the 1959 plan and construction of the Research Triangle Park, in Durham and Wake Counties. It is in the middle of the three cities and their universities.

The Research Triangle area makes up the U.S. Census Bureau's Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA). It had an estimated population of 2,037,430 in 2013.[7]

History[change | change source]

Fayetteville Street during the 1910s. The North Carolina State Capitol can be seen in the background

Raleigh was started in 1770. In 1788, it became North Carolina's state capital. The first state fair happened in 1853 and has kept on happening. Raleigh was not hurt by the Civil War. It did not grow much after the Civil War.

In the early 1900s, Raleigh had streetcars, but they got rid of them later. Raleigh got its first TV station in 1956. In 1959, the Research Triangle Park was built. This caused people to move to the area for the jobs. In the late 1900s, Interstate 40 and Interstate 440 (freeways)were built, helping traffic. Since the late 1900s, Raleigh has grown quickly.

In 1988, Raleigh was hit by a F4 tornado, killing 4 people and destroying hundreds of homes.

Geography[change | change source]

Raleigh is in north-central North Carolina. It is in a hilly area.

Climate[change | change source]

Raleigh has a mild climate. The summers are hot, with an average high of about 90°F (32°C). The winters are cool, with an average high of about 50°F (10°C). It snows about twice a year with a total of six inches (15 centimeters). Raleigh also gets around 45 inches of rain.

Transportation[change | change source]

Raleigh has a lot of good transportation. Some freeways are Interstate 40, I-440, and I-540. Some highways are U.S. Route 1, 64, and 70, and N.C. highway 50. Raleigh also has a Amtrak station and a big airport.

Other things[change | change source]

Raleigh has a lot of museums. North Carolina State University is also in Raleigh.

Raleigh is pretty rich, but there are some poor areas.[8] The region also has a lot of suburban developments, but there are some crowded areas.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2009. 
  2. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. July 1, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2009. 
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. Wells, John C. (2009). "Ralegh, Raleigh". Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Pearson Longman. ISBN 9781405881180. 
  6. "Population & Census Information". City of Raleigh. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  7. "Population Estimates 2013 Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2014. 
  8. http://www.city-data.com/city/Raleigh-North-Carolina.html

Other websites[change | change source]