Ramon F. Magsaysay Sr.
|7th President of the Philippines|
December 30, 1953 – March 17, 1957
|Vice President||Carlos P. Garcia|
|Preceded by||Elpidio Quirino|
|Succeeded by||Carlos P. Garcia|
|Secretary of National Defense|
January 1, 1954 – May 14, 1954
|Preceded by||Oscar Castelo|
|Succeeded by||Sotero B. Cabahug|
September 1, 1950 – February 28, 1953
|Preceded by||Ruperto Kangleon|
|Succeeded by||Oscar Castelo|
|Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Zambales' Lone District|
May 28, 1946 – September 1, 1950
|Preceded by||Valentin Afable|
|Succeeded by||Enrique Corpus|
Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay
August 31, 1907
Iba, Zambales, Philippine Islands
|Died||March 17, 1957 (aged 49)|
Balamban, Cebu, Philippines
|Cause of death||Airplane crash|
|Resting place||Manila North Cemetery, Santa Cruz, Manila, Philippines|
|Political party||Nacionalista Party (1953–1957)|
Liberal Party (1946–1953)
(m. 1933; his death 1957)
|Alma mater||José Rizal University|
|Years of service||1942–1945|
|Unit||31st Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay KGE GCC QSC MGH (August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957) was a Filipino politician. He was the seventh President of the Philippines, from December 30, 1953 until his death in a plane crash. He was elected president under the banner of the Nacionalista Party.
Presidency[change | change source]
Because of the success of his campaign against the Hukbalahap rebellion, he became popular among the Filipino people. He was elected president under the banner of the Nacionalista Party during the 1953 elections and defeated former president Elpidio Quirino.
Under his presidency, his administration involved:
- improving public works and social programs especially those in rural areas,
- helping the creation of SEATO and the National Marketing Corporation,
- and the revision of the Philippine Trade Act of 1946 under the Laurey-Langley agreement. The Laurey-Langley agreement, however, ended up creating a competition between American products and Filipino products.
Magsaysay also wished to improve every aspect of Filipino life but was frustrated that his efforts were limited because of a disobedient congress. This resulted on failure of land reforms over which small farmers did not like. He died on March 17, 1957 because of a plane crash near Cebu. His vice president, Carlos P. Garcia, became president.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "Ramon Magsaysay." Microsoft Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008.
- ↑ Molina, Antonio. The Philippines: Through the centuries. Manila: University of Sto. Tomas Cooperative, 1961. Print.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Ramon Magsaysay | president of Philippines | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2023-01-08.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Zafra, Nicolas (1972). Maikling Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas. Quezon City, Philippines: Alemar-Phoenix Publishing House.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Mactal, Dr. Ronaldo (2013). Historia: Batayang Aklat sa Araling Panlipunan. Quezon Avenue, Quezon City, Philippines: Phoenix Publishing House, Inc. ISBN 978-971-06-3272-5.