Reduced affect display

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Reduced affect displays (better known as emotional blunting) is the condition where a person has a reduced emotional reaction. People with this condition have problems expressing their feelings. They are unble to do this while they talk about certain problems which normally cause people to express emotions. Expressive gestures aren't common. There is also little or no animation in the facial expressions or the changes for certain people's voices.[1] Reduced affect is often the symptom of autism, depression,[2] schizoid personality disorder, schizophrenia or even post-traumatic stress disorder.[3] It is also often the side effect of certain drugs (these tend to include antipsychotic or antidepressant drugs[4]).

Reduced affect is different from apathy and anhedonia (these others mean not having enough or any emotion). Reduced affect means not enough or any expressions of emotion (affect displays), without mattering whether or not emotions are actually reduced.

Types of flat or blunted affects[change | change source]

Constricted or restricted affects mean when one's abilities to express themselves with certain levels of emotional intensity are limited or not done fully.[5]

Blunted affect is totally different from flat affects. "Blunted" (in blunted affects) means people still have affects. These people's responses in emotions, however, are usually not intense or strong like others would normally predict.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Schizophrenia: The Clinical Pictures. Seminars in Adult Psychiatry. April 2007. ISBN 9781904671442. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  2. "The Flat Affects". WebMD. Retrieved September 18, 2021. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. A Mental Status Exam. The Foundations of Counseling and Psychotherapy. 15 October 2012. ISBN 9781118542101. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  4. Price, Jonathan; Cole, V.; Goodwin, G. M. (September 2009). "The Emotional Side Effects for Selective Serotonin Reputake Inhibitors". The Cambridge University Press. 195 (3): 211–217. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.108.051110. PMID 19721109. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  5. Shives, Louise Rebraca (2008). The Basic Concepts for Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. Google. ISBN 9780781797078. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  6. "Flat Affect - The Symptoms, Conditions and the Treatment". Medical News Today. 11 September 2017. Retrieved September 18, 2021.