Tarapacá Region

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Tarapacá Region

Región de Tarapacá
Cerros Pintados, Pampa del Tamarugal, Chile, 2016-02-11, DD 121.jpg
Flag of Tarapacá Region
Flag
Coat of Arms of Tarapacá Region
Coat of arms
Map of Tarapacá Region
Map of Tarapacá Region
Coordinates: 20°17′S 69°20′W / 20.283°S 69.333°W / -20.283; -69.333Coordinates: 20°17′S 69°20′W / 20.283°S 69.333°W / -20.283; -69.333
Country Chile
CapitalIquique
ProvincesIquique, Tamarugal
Government
 • IntendantMiguel Quezada Torres (UDI)
Area
 • Total41,799.5 km2 (16,138.9 sq mi)
Area rank6
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2017 census)[1]
 • Total324,930
 • Rank12
 • Density7.8/km2 (20/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeCL-TA
WebsiteOfficial website (Spanish)

The I Tarapacá Region (Spanish: I Región de Tarapacá) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions. The present Tarapacá Region was created in 2007 by subdividing the former Tarapacá Region under Law 20.175.[2] It became operational on 8 October 2007.

The port city of Iquique is the capital of the region.

History[change | change source]

Chile's former Tarapacá region was a former Peruvian province, which was occupied by Chile under the 1883 Treaty of Ancón at the close of the War of the Pacific, and then formally annexed in 1929 by the Treaty of Lima.

The region was important economically as a site of intense saltpeter mining, before synthetic nitrate manufacturing became possible.

Geography[change | change source]

The Tarapacá region borders the Arica and Parinacota region to the north, Bolivia's Oruro Department on the east, the Antofagasta region on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west.

Population[change | change source]

As of 2015, there were (estimated) 336,769 persons living in the region, for a population density of 8.0 inhabitants/km².

The largest city in the region is Iquique, with 164,396 inhabitants (2002 census).

Administration[change | change source]

In 2007, the former region of Tarapacá was subdivided to create the Arica y Parinacota Region to the north and the present day Tarapacá Region to the south. The Tarapacá region is further subdivided into two provinces: Arica and Parinacota.

Tarapacá Comunas Nuevo.PNG
Tarapacá Region - Provinces and comunas
Province Capital Code Comuna Area
(km²)
Population
(2002)
Iquique (011) Iquique 01101 2 Iquique 2,242.1 166,204
01102 1 Alto Hospicio 593.2 50,215
Total of Iquique province 2,835.3 216,419
Tamarugal (014) Pozo Almonte
01401 7 Pozo Almonte 13,765.8 10,830
01402 3 Camiña 2,200.2 1,275
01403 4 Colchane 4,015.6 1,649
01404 5 Huara 10,474.6 2,599
01405 6 Pica 8,934.3 6,178
Total of Tamarugal province 39,390.5 22,531
Total of the region 42,225.8 238,950

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Tarapacá Region". Government of Chile Foreign Investment Committee. Retrieved 13 March 2010.[permanent dead link]
  2. "Ley 20175. Crea la XV Región de Arica y Parinacota y la Provincia del Tamarugal en la Región de Tarapacá". Ley Chile (in Spanish). Valparaiso, Chile: Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 11 July 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]

Regions of Chile Flag of Chile
Arica y Parinacota | Tarapacá | Antofagasta | Atacama | Coquimbo | Valparaíso | O'Higgins | Maule | Ñuble | Bío Bío | La Araucanía | Los Ríos | Los Lagos | Aysén | Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena | RM Santiago