The Reichstag fire (German: Der Reichstagsbrand) was an arson (setting fire) on the Reichstag building, the meeting place of the German Parliament, in Berlin on 27 February 1933. It was an important event in the creation of Nazi Germany.
A Berlin fire station was called, and by the time the police and firefighters had arrived, most of the building was covered in flames. Inside the building, Marinus van der Lubbe was found. He was a Dutch communist. The Nazis used it as a proof that communists were beginning a plot against the German government. Van der Lubbe and four other Communist leaders were arrested shortly after that. Adolf Hitler, who had become Chancellor of Germany four weeks before, urged President Paul von Hindenburg to pass an emergency law to fight back "the confrontation of the Communist Party of Germany".
As a result, the people had less freedom. Many Communists were arrested, including all the Communist Party members of Parliament. This made the Nazis the majority of the Parliament. Following elections gave Hitler more power.
Historians still have no idea about the planning of the fire or who did it. It is still an ongoing topic of research.
As a result of the fire, the Enabling Act of 1933 was passed, increasing Hitlers power.