# Relative key

(Redirected from Relative minor)

When a piece of music is in a major key, the relative minor means the minor key which has the same key signature. It can be found by taking the sixth note of the first scale and playing a minor scale starting on that note. For example: in C major the sixth note is an A. Therefore, A minor is the relative minor of C major (C major and A minor share the same key signature: no sharps or flats). C major is called the relative major of A minor.

A complete list of relative minor/major pairs in order of the circle of fifths is:

Key signature Major key Minor key
B${\displaystyle \flat }$, E${\displaystyle \flat }$, A${\displaystyle \flat }$, D${\displaystyle \flat }$, G${\displaystyle \flat }$, C${\displaystyle \flat }$, F${\displaystyle \flat }$ C flat major A flat minor
B${\displaystyle \flat }$, E${\displaystyle \flat }$, A${\displaystyle \flat }$, D${\displaystyle \flat }$, G${\displaystyle \flat }$, C${\displaystyle \flat }$ G flat major E flat minor
B${\displaystyle \flat }$, E${\displaystyle \flat }$, A${\displaystyle \flat }$, D${\displaystyle \flat }$, G${\displaystyle \flat }$ D flat major B flat minor
B${\displaystyle \flat }$, E${\displaystyle \flat }$, A${\displaystyle \flat }$, D${\displaystyle \flat }$ A flat major F minor
B${\displaystyle \flat }$, E${\displaystyle \flat }$, A${\displaystyle \flat }$ E flat major C minor
B${\displaystyle \flat }$, E${\displaystyle \flat }$ B flat major G minor
B${\displaystyle \flat }$ F major D minor
C major A minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$ G major E minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$, C${\displaystyle \sharp }$ D major B minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$, C${\displaystyle \sharp }$, G${\displaystyle \sharp }$ A major F sharp minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$, C${\displaystyle \sharp }$, G${\displaystyle \sharp }$, D${\displaystyle \sharp }$ E major C sharp minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$, C${\displaystyle \sharp }$, G${\displaystyle \sharp }$, D${\displaystyle \sharp }$, A${\displaystyle \sharp }$ B major G sharp minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$, C${\displaystyle \sharp }$, G${\displaystyle \sharp }$, D${\displaystyle \sharp }$, A${\displaystyle \sharp }$, E${\displaystyle \sharp }$ F sharp major D sharp minor
F${\displaystyle \sharp }$, C${\displaystyle \sharp }$, G${\displaystyle \sharp }$, D${\displaystyle \sharp }$, A${\displaystyle \sharp }$, E${\displaystyle \sharp }$, B${\displaystyle \sharp }$ C sharp major A sharp minor