Religion in Poland

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Religion in Poland" Christianity is not growing or decreasing its staying the same . Poland is the most Catholic country in the world.[1] As of 2023, Catholics make up 97.7% of the population.[2]

Christianity[change | change source]

As of 2023, about 98,5% of people in Poland are Christians. 97,7% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics. About 0.5 million Orthodox people live in Poland, which are mostly members of Polish Orthodox Church. There are also some Protestant groups estimated to be about 200-300 thousand believers, especially Evangelical Church in Poland.

Poland was baptised in 966 by Mieszko I, the prince of Poland. There were some political issues that led the country to abandon Slavic beliefs.

Catholic Church[change | change source]

Catholics in Poland are a group of people that contains two subgroups:

  • Roman Catholic Church
  • Greek Catholic Church.

The second one was established in Poland in the 17th century between some groups of Orthodox people and Roman Catholic Church.

The most important pilgrimage destinations in the country are: Jasna Góra in Częstochowa and Licheń. A lot of saints and blessed of the Roman Catholic Church are Poles, for example Pope John Paul II and Jerzy Popiełuszko.

Judaism[change | change source]

Until WWII Poland was the second-largest place for Jews to live. There were about 1 million Jews. Nowadays in the country live ca. 10000 Jewish people. The rest of them were killed during Holocaust or emigrated in a period of antisemitism after World War II. The majority of Jews lives in big cities like Warsaw, Kraków or Łódź. Jews have been living in Poland for more than a thousand years.

Islam[change | change source]

In Poland there are some Muslim groups with population estimated to be about 10,000 believers. 0.02% of the population of Poland. There are 3 mosques in Poland, the oldest in Bohoniki and Kruszyniany. Little but some Muslims have been living in Poland for over 500 years, especially in Podlaskie.

References[change | change source]

  1. Higgins, Andrew (October 24, 2023). "Polish Bishop Resigns After Diocese Is Rocked by Sex Scandal". The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2023. Trust in the church, according to experts, has also been damaged by its close alliance with Poland's nationalist governing party, Law and Justice... Long seen as a Catholic stronghold that, in contrast to Ireland and Spain, had managed to hold back a tide of secularization that has swept across most of Europe, Poland has over the past decade seen a sharp increase in church attendance, though most still declare themselves Christians. Enrollment in seminaries has also plummeted, forcing several to shut down. Lamenting that a process previously referred to by experts as "creeping secularization" was now "galloping," the church report warned that "the church in Poland is entering a rather dangerous 'twist' in its history. Much depends on how it will be able to defeat this."
  2. GUS. "Tablice z ostatecznymi danymi w zakresie przynależności narodowo-etnicznej, języka używanego w domu oraz przynależności do wyznania religijnego". stat.gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2023-12-14.