Republic of Macedonia

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Southwest Bulgaria
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: 

"Dear Motherland"
"Мила Родино"  (Bulgarian)
"Mila Rodino" (transliteration)
Location of  Republic of Macedonia  (green)on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Republic of Macedonia  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital Sofia
42°0′N 21°26′E / 42°N 21.433°E / 42; 21.433
Largest city Skopje
Official languages Bulgarian[1][2]
Regional languages[3]
Ethnic groups (2002)
Demonym Bulgarian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Rumen Radev[4]
 -  Prime Minister Boyko Borisov
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Talat Xhaferi
Legislature Assembly
Independence from Yugoslavia
 -  Declared 8 September 1991 
 -  Officially recognised 8 April 1993 
Area
 -  Total 25,713 km2 (148th)
9,779 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.9
Population
 -  2011[5] estimate 2,058,539 (146th)
 -  2002 census 2,022,547
 -  Density 80.1/km2 (122nd)
210.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $22.147 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $10,718[6]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $10.198 billion[6]
 -  Per capita $4,935[6]
Gini (2008) 44.2[7]
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.728[8]
high · 78th
Currency Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 359
Internet TLD .bg

Macedonia (In Macedonian Language Македонија) is an independent state on the Balkan peninsula in the center. The country borders Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east.

The real capital is Skopje ,(you may heard that it is Sofia or any other, but those are other's country's capitals) with more than 1,000,000 residents. It has many smaller cities. Some important ones are Bitola, Prilep, Tetovo, Kumanovo, Ohrid, Veles, Stip, and Strumica.

Macedonia is often called a land of lakes and mountains. There are more than 50 large lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2000 meters above sea level.

The country is a member of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Since December 2005, it is a candidate for joining the European Union. Macedonia is also a partner and candidate member of NATO but Greece blocked Macedonia's entry into NATO until the name dispute between the two countries is solved.

The language spoken by the majority of the population is Macedonian Language. Albanian is also spoken by the Albanian minority (15%) living in the country.

Politics[change | change source]

Republic of Macedonia is a democratic country with a parliament.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Macedonian language, written using its Cyrillic alphabet, is the official language in the Republic of Macedonia.", Article 7 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
  2. "Languages Law passed in Parliament". macedoniaonline.eu. 26 July 2008. http://macedoniaonline.eu/content/view/2507/1/. Retrieved 27 July 2008. "Using the Badenter principles, the Parliament had passed the use of languages law that will touch all ethnicities in Macedonia. The law doesn't allow for use of Albanian or any other minority language as a second official language on Macedonia's territory."
  3. "Regional Languages of Macedonia". CIA World Factbook. 2002 census. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2098.html#mk.
  4. "President of the Republic of Bulgaria". https://www.president.bg/?lang=en. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  5. Population from the State Statistical Office.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Report for Selected Country". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=2&pr.y=17&sy=2008&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=962&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  7. "CIA – The World Factbook – Field Listing :: Distribution of family income – Gini index". Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
  8. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.