|Urine from a person with rhabdomyolysis showing the characteristic brown discoloration as a result of myoglobinuria|
|Specialty||Critical care medicine, nephrology|
|Symptoms||Muscle pains, weakness, vomiting, confusion, tea-colored urine, irregular heartbeat|
|Complications||Kidney failure, high blood potassium, low blood calcium, disseminated intravascular coagulation, compartment syndrome|
|Causes||Crush injury, strenuous exercise, medications, drug abuse, certain infections|
|Diagnostic method||Blood test (creatine kinase), urine test strip|
|Treatment||Intravenous fluids, dialysis, hemofiltration|
|Frequency||26,000 per year (USA)|
Rhabdomyolysis is where damaged skeletal muscles quickly break down. The symptoms can be muscle pains, weakness, vomiting, and confusion. There can also be confusion and tea-colored urine. Rhabdomyolysis can also injure the kidneys with myoglobin.
During rhabdomyolysis, a protein that stores oxygen in the muscles called myoglobin is released into the blood. The kidneys filter the blood and remove the myoglobin. However, the myoglobin breaks down into other chemicals which damages the kidneys which can cause severe injury or even death.
References[change | change source]
- "Rhabdomyolysis". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
- "Rhabdomyolysis". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.
- "What Is Rhabdomyolysis?". Healthline. 2016-07-18. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
- "Rhabdomyolysis: Symptoms, Treatments". Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved 2020-09-29.
- "Rhabdomyolysis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". medlineplus.gov. Retrieved 2020-09-29.