Baird & Girard, 1853
Diadophis punctatus, also called the ring-necked snake, is a species of snake. Ring-necked snakes live in eastern and central North America. There are many colors and patterns of ring-necked snake. It is called the ring-necked snake because it has a stripe around its neck that looks like a ring.
Ring-necked snakes live in the United States, central Mexico, and southeastern Canada. Ring-necked snakes are nocturnal, which means that they are awake at night. Ring-necked snakes are a little venomous, but they do not hurt people. This is because they are small and do not bite people much. When ring-necked snakes are scared, they curl up their tails.
Scientists think that there are many ring-necked snakes. Scientists do not know exactly how many ring-necked snakes there are. This is because scientists have not studied ring-necked snakes very much.
Description[change | change source]
Ring-necked snakes are usually dark-colored, with a bright stripe around their necks.  Ring-necked snakes that live in different areas may look different. Their heads are usually darker-colored than the rest of their bodies. 
Snakes living in different areas are often different sizes. Adults are usually 25–38 cm (10–15 in) long.  Young snakes less than a year old are usually about 20 cm (8 in) and grow about 2–5 cm (1–2 in) a year.
Habitat[change | change source]
Ring-necked snakes live in many kinds of habitats. The Northern and western subspecies live in open woodlands near rocky hills, or in wetter environments with many places to hide. Southern subspecies mostly live in riparian and wet environments, especially in more arid, or dry, habitats. The snakes like it when their habitat is a little wet.  Ring-necked snakes do not live higher than 2,200 m (7,200 ft) above sea level. In northern areas, ring-necked snakes may live in dens. Usually, more than one snake will live in one den. Ring-necked snakes often hide under pieces of wood. When it is hot, ring-necked snakes may make holes and burrows to hide in. They may also hide under rocks or other objects. Ring-necked snakes usually live in flatland forests.
Diet[change | change source]
Ring-necked snakes mostly eat salamanders, earthworms, and slugs. They sometimes eat lizards, frogs, and some young snakes of other species. Ring-necked snakes in different habitats may eat different amounts of some species. Ring-necked snakes kill their prey with constriction, which is squeezing prey to kill it, and envenomation, which is using their venom. Ring-necked snakes usually don't try to hurt bigger animals. Instead of biting bigger animals, the snake curls up its tail, showing its brightly colored stomach.
Predators[change | change source]
Subspecies[change | change source]
There are 14 subspecies of ring-necked snake.
Gallery[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diadophus punctatus.|
|Wikispecies has information on: Ring-necked snake.|
- Hammerson GA, Frost DR (2007). "Diadophis punctatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2007: e.T63769A12714288. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T63769A12714288.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- Stejneger L, Barbour T (1917). A Check List of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. 125 pp. (Diadophis punctatus, p. 76).
- "Diadophis punctatus ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Yung, James. "Diadophis punctatus (arnyi)". Animal Diversity Web.
- Stebbins RC (2003). A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition. The Peterson Field Guide Series ®. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. xiii + 533 pp. ISBN 978-0-395-98272-3. (Diadophis punctatus, pp. 345–346 + Plate 46 + Map 133).
- Yung, James (2000). "Diadophis punctatus arnyi ". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- O'Donnell RP, Staniland K, Mason RT (2007). "Experimental evidence that oral secretions of Northwestern Ring-necked Snakes (Diadophis punctatus occidentalis) are toxic to their prey". Toxicon 50: 810–815.
- Yung, James. "Diadophis punctatus (arnyi)". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 2018-12-23.