Robert T. Paine

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Robert Treat Paine
Born(1933-04-13)April 13, 1933
DiedJune 13, 2016(2016-06-13) (aged 83)
Alma materHarvard University (undergraduate)
University of Michigan (postgraduate)
Known forkeystone species concept[1]
AwardsSewall Wright Award (1996)
National Academy of Sciences
International Cosmos Prize (2013)
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Michigan
University of Washington
Harvard University
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
ThesisThe Life History and Population Dynamics of Glottidia Pyramidata (Brachiopoda) (1961)
Doctoral studentsPaul Dayton[1]
Bruce Menge[1]
Jane Lubchenco[1]

Robert Treat "Bob" Paine III (April 13, 1933 – June 13, 2016) was an American ecologist. He spent most of his career at the University of Washington.

Paine created the keystone species[1][2][3] idea to explain the relationship between Pisaster ochraceus, a species of starfish, and Mytilus californianus, a species of mussel.[4] Paine's research, and the work of his students, has been hugely influential in the field of ecology.[1]

Paine died from acute myeloid leukemia, a type of blood cancer, at the Swedish Medical Center in Seattle, Washington on June 13, 2016, aged 83.[5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Yong, E. (2013). "Scientific families: Dynasty. Bob Paine fathered an idea — and an academic family — that changed ecology". Nature. 493 (7432): 286–289. doi:10.1038/493286a. PMID 23325190. S2CID 10827261.
  2. "Keystone Species Hypothesis". University of Washington. Archived from the original on 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  3. "Scientists Adopt Tiny Island as a Warming Bellwether". New York Times. 6 Oct 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-25.
  4. Stolzenberg, William (2008). Where the Wild Things Were: Life, death and ecological wreckage in a land of vanishing predators. Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 978-1-59691-299-1.
  5. Jennifer Ruesink (2016) "Prof. Emeritus Bob Paine (1933-2016)" University of Washington, Department of Biology, 15 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. Phuong Le (2016) "Bob Paine, ecologist who introduced 'keystone species,' dies", 15 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.