Rosalie Poe

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Rosalie Mackenzie Poe
Photograph of Poe circa 1872
Rosalie Poe

December 1810
DiedJuly 21, 1874(1874-07-21) (aged 63)
Resting placeRock Creek Cemetery
Washington, D.C.
Parent(s)David Poe Jr.
Elizabeth Arnold
RelativesEdgar Allan Poe (brother)
William Leonard Poe (brother)

Rosalie Mackenzie Poe (December 1810 – July 21, 1874) was an American poet. She was the sister of Edgar Allan Poe.[1][2][3]

Early life and family[change | change source]

Poe was born in December 1810 in Norfolk, Virginia. She was the daughter of English-born actress Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe and American actor David Poe Jr.[4] The family was very poor. Her mother suffered from pneumonia and tuberculosis.[5]

David Poe abandoned his family before her birth. This caused people to question if he was her father.[6] The rumors continued when Joseph Gallego, a wealthy Richmond, Virginia resident, gave the young Rosalie $2,000 dollars in his will when he died in 1818.[7][8]

In 1811, her parents hd died. Rosalie was adopted by William and Jane Scott Mackenzie.[9][10] In 1912, she was baptized with the name of Rosalie Mackenzie.[11][12]

She did not remain in close contact with her brother Edgar. She did read and enjoy his poems. "The Raven" and "The Bells" were among her favorites. she took pleasure it being known as his sister by the public. When asked for an autograph, Rosalie would sign, "Rose Poe, Sister of the Poet."[13]

Death[change | change source]

Rosalie died in 1874 from inflammation of the stomach.[14] Her birthyear on her tombstone was listed as 1812, the year of her baptism. She wanted to be buried near her brother's grave in Baltimore, but was instead buried in Washington D.C..[15][16]

Writings[change | change source]

Rosalie wrote several untitled poems. They were not published until over 50 years after her death.

References[change | change source]

  1. Weiss, Susan Archer, “The Sister of Edgar A. Poe,” Continent, vol. III, no. 6, June 27, 1883, pp. 816-819
  2. Phillips, Mary Elizabeth (1926). Ancestry and early childhood. John C. Winston Company. p. 32.
  3. Danilov, Victor J. (2013-09-26). Famous Americans: A Directory of Museums, Historic Sites, and Memorials. Scarecrow Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-8108-9186-9.
  4. Poe, Edgar Allan (1917). The Poems of Edgar Allan Poe: Ed. by Killis Campbell... Ginn and Company. pp. xi.
  5. "Poe: About the Man". Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  6. Quinn, Arthur Hobson (1997-12-26). Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography. JHU Press. ISBN 978-1-4214-0491-2.
  7. "The Other Poe". Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  8. Moreno, Beatriz González; Aragón, Margarita Rigal (2010). A Descent Into Edgar Allan Poe and His Works: The Bicentennial. Peter Lang. p. 128. ISBN 978-3-0343-0089-6.
  9. Edgar Allen Poe. Ardent Media. 2007. p. 13.
  10. Poe, Edgar Allan; Pollin, Burton Ralph; Savoye, Jeffrey A. (2008). The Collected Letters of Edgar Allan Poe. Gordian Press. p. 268. ISBN 978-0-87752-247-8.
  11. hoehnek (2017-10-04). "Edgar Allan Poe: Buried Alive ~ Edgar Allan Poe Biographical Timeline | American Masters | PBS". American Masters. Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  12. "Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - Articles - E. A. P.: A Critical Biography (A. H. Quinn, 1941) (Chapter 01)". Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  13. Case, Keshia A.; Semtner, Christopher P. (2009). Edgar Allan Poe in Richmond. Arcadia Publishing. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-7385-6714-3.
  14. Poe, Edgar Allan (1850). Poems and miscellanies. J. S. Redfield. p. 4.
  15. Tennessee Studies in Literature. Tennessee Philological Association and University of Tennessee. 1956. p. 116.
  16. Phillips, Mary Elizabeth (1926). Edgar Allan Poe, the Man. John C. Winston Company. p. 1596.