|Born||25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, England
|Died||16 April 1958 (aged 37)
Chelsea, London, England
|Institutions||British Coal Utilisation Research Association
Laboratoire central des services chimiques de l'État
King's College London
Birkbeck College, London
|Alma mater||Newnham College, Cambridge|
|Known for||Fine structure of coal and graphite, DNA structure, viruses|
Rosalind Franklin (Notting Hill, London, 25 July 1920 – London, 16 April 1958) was a British biophysicist, known for her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA. She also worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA. The work of Franklin and the graduate student Raymond Gosling were used by Watson and Crick in their effort to discover the structure of DNA.
Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Nobel Prizes are not awarded after a person's death, so she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Francis Crick, James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins.
References[change | change source]
- Maddox, Brenda 2002. Rosalind Franklin: the dark lady of DNA. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-018407-8.