||This article is being edited by students as part of a class project. Please assume good faith. If there are any problems, you are encouraged to contact the teacher or an administrator. More information can be found here.|
portrait by Rori
|Born||25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, England
|Died||16 April 1958 (aged 37)
Chelsea, London, England
|Institutions||British Coal Utilisation Research Association
Laboratoire central des services chimiques de l'État
King's College London
Birkbeck College, London
|Alma mater||Newnham College, Cambridge|
|Known for||Fine structure of coal and graphite, DNA structure, viruses|
Rosalind Franklin (Notting Hill, London, 25 July 1920 – London, 16 April 1958) was a British biophysicist, known for her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA. Rosalind Franklin was around 15 years old when she knew that she wanted to become a scientist. She attended St. Paul's Girls' School and then continued school at Newham College in Cambridge. At Newham College she got a Ph.D in physical chemistry. She worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA. She discovered the size, shape, and arrangement of molecules. She dedicated her life to discovering more about molecules. In 1951, she moved to London. She created X-ray pictures that showed that DNA is shaped like a double helix.
Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Nobel Prizes are not awarded after a person's death, so she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Francis Crick, James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins.
References[change | change source]
- "Rosalind Franklin". ic.galegroup. 2006. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/suic/BiographiesDetailsPage/BiographiesDetailsWindow?disableHighlighting=false&displayGroupName=Biographies&currPage=&scanId=&query=&source=&prodId=SUIC&search_within_results=&p=SUIC&mode=view&catId=&u=palo88030&limiter=&display-query=&displayGroups=&contentModules=&action=e&sortBy=&documentId=GALE%7CK2641500070&windowstate=normal&activityType=&failOverType=&commentary=. Retrieved March 28 2017.
- Maddox, Brenda 2002. Rosalind Franklin: the dark lady of DNA. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-018407-8.
- Rushton, Alan (2017). "Franklin, Rosalind Elsie". WorldBookOnline. http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar209315&st=rosalind+franklin#tab=homepage. Retrieved March 28 2017.