Rosalind Franklin

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Rosalind Franklin
portrait by Rori
Born 25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, England
Died 16 April 1958 (aged 37)
Chelsea, London, England
Ovarian cancer
Nationality British
Fields Biophysics
Institutions British Coal Utilisation Research Association
Laboratoire central des services chimiques de l'État
King's College London
Birkbeck College, London
Alma mater Newnham College, Cambridge
Known for Fine structure of coal and graphite, DNA structure, viruses

Rosalind Franklin (Notting Hill, London, 25 July 1920 – London, 16 April 1958) was a British biophysicist, known for her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA. [1]Rosalind Franklin was around 15 years old when she knew that she wanted to become a scientist. She attended St. Paul's Girls' School and then continued school at Newham College in Cambridge. At Newham College she got a Ph.D in physical chemistry.     She worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA.[2] [3]She discovered the size, shape, and arrangement of molecules. She dedicated her life to discovering more about molecules. In 1951, she moved to London. She created X-ray pictures that showed that DNA is shaped like a double helix.

The work of Franklin was used by Watson and Crick in their effort to discover the structure of DNA.

Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Nobel Prizes are not awarded after a person's death, so she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Francis Crick, James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins.

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