Roy Jenkins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Right Honourable
The Lord Jenkins of Hillhead
OM PC
Roy Jenkins 1977b.jpg
President of the European Commission
In office
6 January 1977 – 19 January 1981
Preceded by François-Xavier Ortoli
Succeeded by Gaston Thorn
Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords
In office
16 July 1988 – 19 December 1997
Leader Paddy Ashdown
Preceded by The Baroness Seear (Liberal)
Succeeded by The Lord Rodgers of Quarry Bank
Chancellor of the University of Oxford
In office
14 March 1987 – 5 January 2003
Vice-Chancellor The Lord Neill
Sir Richard Southwood
Sir Peter North
Sir Colin Lucas
Preceded by The Earl of Stockton
Succeeded by The Lord Patten of Barnes
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
In office
7 July 1982 – 13 June 1983
Deputy David Owen
Preceded by The Gang of Four
Succeeded by David Owen
Home Secretary
In office
5 March 1974 – 10 September 1976
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Preceded by Robert Carr
Succeeded by Merlyn Rees
In office
23 December 1965 – 30 November 1967
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Frank Soskice
Succeeded by James Callaghan
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
25 November 1973 – 5 March 1974
Leader Harold Wilson
Preceded by Shirley Williams
Succeeded by Jim Prior
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
In office
8 July 1970 – 10 April 1972
Leader Harold Wilson
Preceded by George Brown
Succeeded by Edward Short
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
19 June 1970 – 10 April 1972
Leader Harold Wilson
Preceded by Iain Macleod
Succeeded by Denis Healey
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
30 November 1967 – 19 June 1970
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by James Callaghan
Succeeded by Iain Macleod
Minister of Aviation
In office
18 October 1964 – 23 December 1965
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Preceded by Julian Amery
Succeeded by Fred Mulley
Member of Parliament
for Glasgow Hillhead
In office
25 March 1982 – 11 June 1987
Preceded by Tam Galbraith
Succeeded by George Galloway
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham Stechford
In office
23 February 1950 – 31 March 1977
Preceded by Constituency created
Succeeded by Andrew MacKay
Member of Parliament
for Southwark Central
In office
29 April 1948 – 23 February 1950
Preceded by John Martin
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born Roy Harris Jenkins
(1920-11-11)11 November 1920
Abersychan, Monmouthshire, Wales
Died 5 January 2003(2003-01-05) (aged 82)
East Hendred, Oxfordshire, England
Political party Labour (Before 1981)
Social Democrats (1981–1988)
Liberal Democrats (1988–2003)
Alma mater Cardiff University
Balliol College, Oxford
Military service
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Captain
Unit Royal Artillery
Battles/wars Second World War

Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, OM, PC (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders.

Jenkins was elected to Parliament as a Labour MP in 1948. He served as Home Secretary from 1965 to 1967 and Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1967 and 1970. He was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party on 8 July 1970,[1], but resigned in 1972 because he supported entry to the European Communities, while the party opposed it.

In 1977, he was appointed President of the European Commission, serving until 1981. He was the first British holder of this office, and is likely to be the only such (considering the United Kingdom's decision in June 2016 to leave the European Union).[2]

He was also a known historian, biographer and writer. His A Life at the Centre (1991) is thought to be as one of the best autobiographies of the later 20th century, which "will be read with pleasure long after most examples of the genre have been forgotten".[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Jenkins Labour deputy leader". The Glasgow Herald. 9 July 1970. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  2. Cawood, Ian J. (21 August 2013). Britain in the Twentieth Century. Routledge. p. 437. ISBN 978-1-136-40681-2.
  3. Marquand, David (8 January 2003). "Lord Jenkins of Hillhead". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 September 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]