Ruth Benedict

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ruth Benedict
Ruth Benedict.jpg
Benedict in 1937
Born
Ruth Fulton

(1887-06-05)June 5, 1887
New York City, U.S.
DiedSeptember 17, 1948(1948-09-17) (aged 61)
New York City, U.S.
Education
OccupationAnthropologist
Spouse(s)Stanley Rossiter Benedict

Ruth Fulton Benedict (June 5, 1887 – September 17, 1948) was an American anthropologist and folklorist. She studied under Franz Boas. She received her Ph.D. and joined the faculty of Columbia University in 1923. Benedict was president of the American Anthropological Association and also an important member of the American Folklore Society.[1] She became the first woman to be a leader of aan academic profession.[1] Her 1934 book Patterns of Culture was about how personality, art, language, and culture all connect together. None of those things can be separate. She also wrote against racism during World War II and that all people whould work together. Her later book, The Chrysanthemum and the Sword, was about the society and culture of Japan. She researched it during the war withputvisiting Japan. She used literature, bopoks, news articles and movies from Japan. It was published in 1946 and was one reason why the United States allowed Japan to keep the Emperor after losing the war. It was an example of anthropology at a distance.

Benedict was married to Stanley Rossiter Benedict, but also had a close professional and personal or romantic[2][3][4][5] relationship with anthropologist Margaret Mead.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bailey, Martha J. (1994). American Women in Science:A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO, Inc. ISBN 978-0-87436-740-9.
  2. Bateson 1984;:117–118 Lapsley 1999
  3. Lutkehaus 2008: 41, 79–81
  4. Janiewski and Banner 2004: ix-xiiix
  5. Maksel 2004