Saarlouis District

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Saarlouis
District
Saarlouis.jpg
Coordinates: 49°19′00″N 6°45′00″E / 49.3167°N 6.7500°E / 49.3167; 6.7500Coordinates: 49°19′00″N 6°45′00″E / 49.3167°N 6.7500°E / 49.3167; 6.7500
Country  Germany
State Saarland
Capital Saarlouis
Area
 • Total 459.08 km2 (177.25 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 211,393
 • Density 460.471/km2 (1,192.614/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration SLS
Website kreis-saarlouis.de

Saarlouis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of the Saarland, Germany.

History[change | change source]

The district was part of the Holy Roman Empire. After the Napoleonic wars the area went to Prussia, which in 1816 created the district as part of its Rhineland province. From 1936-1945 it was called Saarlautern, when the Nazi government tried to exchange the French name for a German one.

Geography[change | change source]

The main river in the district is the Saar.

Coat of arms[change | change source]

Coat of arms The checked black-and-white top part of the coat of arms is taken from the coat of the Hohenzollern, to remember that the area belonged to the German Empire (which was ruled by the Hohenzollern dynasty) directly. The bottom part is the coat of arms of the Lorraine, as Saarlouis belonged to Duchy of Lorraine 1100-1766. The star stands for the French fortress of Saarlouis, the origin of the city, which was build in a star form. The fleur-de-lis comes from the coat of arms of the city Saarlouis.

Towns and municipalities[change | change source]

Towns Municipalities
  1. Saarlouis
  2. Lebach
  3. Dillingen
  1. Bous
  2. Ensdorf
  3. Nalbach
  4. Rehlingen-Siersburg
  5. Saarwellingen
  1. Schmelz
  2. Schwalbach
  3. Überherrn
  4. Wadgassen
  5. Wallerfangen

Other websites[change | change source]