Sacking of Osceola

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Sacking of Osceola
Part of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War
DateSeptember 23, 1861
Location
Result

Union victory

  • Plundering and burning of Osceola
  • 200 slaves freed
  • Outrage and hatred among Missourans lead them to sacking of Lawrence
Belligerents
United States Kansas Irregular Jayhawkers Confederate States of America Citizens of Osceola
Commanders and leaders
James H. Lane unknown
Strength
Kansas Brigade unknown
Casualties and losses
17 killed
8 wounded
9 executed[1]

The Sacking of Osceola was a Kansas Jayhawker attack to move pro-slavery Southerners at Osceola, Missouri on September 23, 1861. It was not approved by the Union military. The attack happened from an informal group of anti-slavery Kansas "Jayhawkers".[2] The town of 2,077 people was plundered and burned to the ground. 200 slaves were freed and nine local citizens were court-martialed and killed.[3] It was led by James H. Lane.

Aftermath[change | change source]

Lane's raid created hatred that led to William Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas.[4] That raid led to four counties of western Missouri under General Order No. 11 to be evacuated.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Sunderwith, Richard, The Burning of Osceola, Missouri
  2. Spurgeon, Ian (2009), Man of Douglas, man of Lincoln: the political odyssey of James Henry Lane, University of Missouri Press, pp. 185–88
  3. https://www2.census.gov/library/publications/decennial/1860/population/1860a-23.pdf
  4. Castel, Albert E. (1999). William Clarke Quantrill: His Life and Times. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 142.
  5. Coffey, Walter (2012). The Civil War Months: A Month-By-Month Compendium of the War Between the States By Walter Coffey. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. p. 207. ISBN 9781468580211.

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 38°2′47″N 93°41′58″W / 38.04639°N 93.69944°W / 38.04639; -93.69944